Can Cervical Cancer In Women Be Prevented?

Cervical cancer is the third most common cause of cancer among female reproductive organs and can cause serious consequences when not diagnosed early. Every year around 500,000 women worldwide die from cervical cancer, and many of them are in developing countries. The most important difference between cervical cancer and other cancers is that the cause is known and can be prevented. The cause of cervical cancer is the sexually transmitted Human Papilloma virus.
Before the development of cervical cancer in women infected with Human Papilloma virus, some microscopic lesions develop in the cervix and these changes are pre-cancerous changes. These cancer precursors, called cervical dysplasia, can be detected by pap smear examination from the cervix. The initiating agent in cervical dysplasia and carcinogenesis is Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) infection.
Genital HPV infection is the most common sexually transmitted disease worldwide. It is transmitted through skin-to-skin contact during sexual intercourse. The risk of life-long HPV infection in sexually active individuals