Why Use Sunglasses?

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Sun is a life source for people as well as all living things in nature. Sunglasses should be used to protect the eyes from ultraviolet or other ultraviolet rays that are emitted by the sun and from serious eye diseases.
The use of sunglasses has become an important requirement for the preservation of the eye health due to the increase in the temperature during the summer.
Why use sunglasses?
The sunglasses help enhance the contrast sensitivity, which is one of the visual characteristics. Thus, the eye is seen much more clearly and improves the visual quality of the eye. At the same time, it helps the eye to see well in the dark and increase eye adaptation. The sunglasses ensure that the object or image being viewed is clear, while at the same time preventing it from being dispersed. Another benefit of using sunglasses is the absorption of ultraviolet rays.

Watch out when buying sunglasses!
The sunglasses must be made of a quality material to filter the ultraviolet rays. For example, in the case of the plastic pine tree with organic materials, sunglasses prevent harmful rays from entering the eye. The sunglasses with plastic glass prevent ultraviolet rays from entering the eye and damaging the harmful rays and preventing damage to the eye. When choosing sunglasses, it is important to have more functions than to be equipped with more aesthetics. Make sure that the frame of the sunglasses is sufficiently wide and at the same time as close as possible to the eye. For those who will undergo cataract surgery, artificial lenses with UV filters should be recommended.
From temporary blindness to permanent blindness, we must protect our eyes from the sun’s rays that cause serious problems!
When buying sunglasses for your child Ç
Children from 2-3 years of age can use sunglasses and ultraviolet and polaroid coated glasses for children should be preferred.

What if we don’t use sunglasses?
Sunglasses help increase contrast sensitivity. There are UV (ultraviolet) and infrared (IR) rays that can negatively affect the eyes in the sun. Ultraviolet rays are located in the invisible wavelength of the sun’s rays and are divided into three groups as ultraviolet A (UVA), ultraviolet B (UVB) and ultraviolet C (UVC).
Ultraviolet A and especially ultraviolet B rays are among the species that can harm the eye. In case of prolonged exposure to sunlight, the negative effects on the short term may be similar to the sun burns on the skin.
Corneal layer on the surface of the eye, dryness, itching, stinging, burning, pain or blood, such as discomfort occurs. That’s why we should always use sunglasses. Ultraviolet rays can cause cancer formation in the skin covering the eyelids as well as other parts of the body, cancer formation in the conjunctiva layer and degenerative growth in the pitogenum, painful photokeratitis corresponding to the sunburn in the skin (transparent layer), and corneal surface deterioration in the long term.
If the eye is exposed to harmful ultraviolet rays from the sun for a long time, the ground is prepared for cataract disease. Rays may disrupt the proteins in the lens located in the eye and cause cataract disease. At the same time, the near vision weakness begins five years before the normal process because the rays in some regions disrupt the lens of the eye. From this, it is possible to say that people living in tropical regions can use glasses close to five years earlier than people in other regions.
UVA rays cause the skin to burn and age. While the ratio of UVA rays falling to earth is 97 percent, UVB rays are 3 percent. The UV-A rays mostly affect the macula (yellow dot), retina and damage to the back of the eye. Yellow spot degeneration occurs and vision decreases. UV-B rays are more dangerous. The cornea in the anterior part of the eye affects the lens and conjunctiva. It is thought to cause turbidity in the cornea, cataract in the lumen, and ocular growth in the eye and impair vision. The use of sunglasses is also important for eye health at this point. As long as the sunglasses are high quality and healthy, they protect their eyes from these harmful rays.

What are the degrees of protection of sunglasses?
Professor Dr. Orkun Müftüoğlu stated that his sunglasses were divided into 3 groups according to the degree of UVA and UVB protection;

Cosmetic Sun Glasses: It prevents 70 percent of UVB light and 60 percent of UVA light. Persons at risk of cataract should not use these glasses.
General-purpose sunglasses: Eliminate at least 95 percent of UVB light and at least 60 percent of UVA light.
Special-purpose sunglasses: at least 99 percent of UVB light and at least 60 percent of UVA light.

Does the Prevalence of Reflux in Children Increase?

Attention if you have weight loss and unrest!
Does the frequency of reflux in children increase?
The reflux problem, which is thought to be an adult problem, can occur even in infants. Research shows that around 15 percent of all children have reflux. Yeditepe University Hospital Pediatric Health and Diseases, Child Gastroenterology Specialist Assoc. Dr. Meltem Uğraş points out that children with discomfort, nausea and especially weight loss should also be evaluated for reflux.
Reflux is the result of the loss of stomach contents to the esophagus due to the slackness in the valve between the esophagus and the stomach. Recently, the increase in signs of reflux in children of all age groups is important. This problem can reduce the quality of life of children and parents, as well as treatment of asthma, esophageal damage, recurrent otitis media and pneumonia can prepare for different diseases such as. Allergies and food allergies in particular can damage the esophagus and cause reflux symptoms. As the development process of infants continues, reflux is more common.
Reflux of children due to difficulty in gaining weight Yeditepe University Hospital Child Health and Diseases, Child Gastroenterologist Specialist Assoc. Dr. Meltem Uğraş states, however, that the development of children can also be affected. In addition, the acid escaping from the stomach to the esophagus, tissue damage and small wounds can lead to the risk of developing anemia.
Symptoms can be mixed
Complaints related to reflux can vary in infants and children. For example, nausea, vomiting and weight loss are observed in infants, but vomiting does not occur in children, but chest burning, hoarseness and slowing in development occur. In general, many of the symptoms are similar to different diseases, Assoc. Dr. Meltem Uğraş speaks: Ta Unless the underlying cause is found in the upper respiratory tract infections that develop with reflux, the child may be exposed to long and recurrent antibiotic treatments. In addition, complaints such as chest pain or compression can also be confused with heart-related diseases. Therefore, it is important to be vigilant about the symptoms of reflux and to consult a physician immediately. Dolayısıyla

Patient history is important in diagnosis
Asserting that the most important factor in the diagnosis of the disease is taking the child’s detailed history. Dr. Meltem Uğraş said, den We use various methods developed for the diagnosis of reflux and we do not approach each child with the same method. Some children only listen to complaints, while the clinical situation of some of them, depending on the severity of the complaint we use endoscopic or radiological methods.
Treatment begins with lifestyle change
In the treatment of reflux disease, first of all, some changes in life style need to be done. In dairy children, changing the contents of the food (intensification) is often one of the measures to be taken when feeding a small amount and raising the head while lying. In older children, orange juice, chocolate, mint-like foods that may cause reflux, and after the dinner need to reduce the intake of fluid. In addition, problems such as constipation, obesity, which leads to increased intraabdominal pressure, not to wear too tight clothes, to sit at the table while eating, eat frequently and a small amount of food, to eat 1.5-2 hours before bedtime and to raise the head while lying other measures that can be taken. Child Health and Diseases Specialist Assoc. Dr. Meltem Uğraş said, çık In accordance with the child, drugs can be used to regulate the movement of the digestive system and to decrease the stomach acid and to strengthen the valve functions. This treatment can last for about 4-6 months. However, surgery can be an option in very rare cases, which cannot improve despite long-term treatment. Ancak
Symptoms indicating reflex
• Frequent nausea, vomiting • Rejection of feeding (bottle) • Grouching • Restlessness • Frequent crying spells • Recurrent cough • Recurrent otitis media • Slow development
• Burning in the chest • Pain in the mouth • Loss of dental brightness • hoarseness • Slowening in development • Common upper respiratory tract infection • Common ear diseases • Common pneumonia / pneumonia