Who Carries Risk of Large Bowel Cancer?

Facebook Twitter Google+ LinkedIn WhatsApp
Large bowel cancer is among the first 5 most common cancer according to the statistics of the Ministry of Health. A significant proportion of bowel cancer patients are in their 50s, and in recent years, they can be seen in younger age individuals for various reasons.
Bowel cancer is called rectum and colon cancer.
Who is at risk for large bowel cancer?

People with a family history of large bowel cancer have a higher risk of developing the disease than others and may be at a younger age.
Changes in genes increase the risk of cancer.
Previous cancer diseases carry the risk of being re-migrated.
Although polyps in the large intestine are benign, they are at risk of cancer. Therefore, it should be removed and checked at regular intervals.
Early diagnosis is very important.
Patients with ulcerative colitis and crown disease (inflammatory bowel disease) are at the risk of cancer.
Nutrition is extremely important. People who have a nutritional program that is weak in terms of fruits and vegetables, calcium, folate, and fiber, and which have an intensive diet in terms of animal fat and food, are at greater risk of developing colon cancer.
Cigarette smoking, as in all types of cancer, also triggers large bowel cancer and should be avoided.

What are the symptoms of large bowel cancer?

Changes in intestinal habits (diarrhea, constipation),
Thinner stools than usual,
Blood in the stool,
Intra-abdominal gas,
Feeling of cramping or bloating,
Unexplained weight loss,
Continuous fatigue may be symptoms of colon cancer such as nausea and vomiting.

When these findings are encountered, it is important to consult a doctor for early diagnosis. As a result of late diagnosis, cancerous cells can reach different sizes and make treatment difficult.

What are the methods used to diagnose large bowel cancer?
Finger Examination of the Rectum:
It is a manual method. After resting the patient’s complaint, if the suspected area is rectum, a finger examination procedure is performed. If any finding is found, further examinations are performed.
Colonoscopy:
Colonoscopy is the method of imaging the entire wall of the colon. If polyps are detected by this procedure, they are removed and our patients are checked and followed up with the same procedure.
Endorectal Ultrasound:
Today, this technique is only used to clarify the diagnosis of very early stage rectal tumors. The rectum and surrounding tissues are displayed with the help of a computer that transforms the reflection of sound waves into images. In this way, the tumor will be informed about the depth of the rectum, lymph nodes and its spread to nearby tissues.
Computed tomography (CT):
Computerized tomography technology used for systemic staging is used to diagnose liver and lung metastases.
You can click on the link to get detailed information about Koç University Hospital General Surgery Department.

emre fish general surgeon general surgery large bowel cancer large bowel cancer symptoms large bowel cancer diagnosis coach university coach university hospital colonoscopy

What are the methods used to treat large bowel cancer?

Facebook Twitter Google+ LinkedIn WhatsApp
What are the methods used to treat large bowel cancer?
Surgical, chemotherapy and radiotherapy are the main methods used in the treatment of colon cancer. The treatment process varies according to the stage and spread of the tumor.
Surgical:
In cases where cancer does not spread to distant organs, the main method is surgery. In this method, the tumor is removed and the surrounding solid tissue is removed. In some cases, the stool is taken out by placing the bag with the method called colostomy. This may be temporary or permanent in some patients. Methods such as laparoscopic surgery and robotic surgery, which cause less pain and quick recovery, are also applied in our country.
Chemotherapy:
It is a medicated treatment to kill cancer cells. It is a frequently used therapy in some stages of colon cancer and in cases where it has spread to another part of the body.
Radiation Therapy:
More known as radiotherapy. It is aimed to destroy the cancer cells in the treated area with rays. Radiotherapy can be given with chemotherapy to reduce tumor preoperatively or to prevent postoperative recurrences.

What are the ways to prevent colon cancer?
In addition to all these screening methods, there are some risk reduction methods for prevention of colon cancer. Of them;

Physical exercise,
Getting rid of excess weight,
Smoking and drinking alcohol,
High-fiber, low-fat foods to consume foods firstly to keep in mind.

Koç University Hospital, Department of General Surgery, manages the processes in the diagnosis and treatment of colon and rectal cancers with the most accurate and up-to-date methods and presents them to the patients.
Click on the link to get detailed information about the Department of General Surgery at Koç University Hospital.

emre fish general surgery coach hospital coach university hospital