Non-Surgical Method in Prostate Growth: Prostate Embolization

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What is prostate enlargement?
Prostatic enlargement or prostatic hypertrophy, especially in men over 60 years of age is a disease that leads to difficulty in urination. It is so common in advanced ages that it has become one of the important indicators of old age. Prostate glands and diseases are an area of ​​interest to the Department of Urology.
What are the symptoms of prostate enlargement?
Patients who complain of difficulty in urination due to prostate enlargement, frequent urination, and complete emptying of the bladder after urination are usually recommended. The first treatment is the use of some drugs. As the years go by and complaints grow, there may be a need for surgery for treatment. In prostate enlargement, the standard and best treatment method in various surgery and non-surgical treatment methods is the reduction surgery of the prostate gland by entering through the urine channel called TUR.
What is Prostate Embolization?
Prostatic embolization is a new method of treating prostate enlargement with angioma without surgery and is performed by the Department of Interventional Radiology. The most important feature of prostate embolization is non-surgical treatment.

How is the treatment performed?
Treatment is done in the angiography room. Entering through the groin, a very thin catheter, called catheter, is entered into the prostate artery with plastic tubes and all the arteries within the prostate gland are blocked with very small plugs. This does not damage the prostate gland but reduces its feeding and reduces it. This shrinkage is long lasting. During angiography, the patient is awake, but as with all angiomas, the patient is given intravenous pain relief and relaxing medications for comfort. Therefore, it does not require anesthesia.
What is the duration of hospitalization of patients?
Patients can be sent home either on the same day or one day later. The procedure takes about two hours and after 4 hours, the patient starts walking and can continue his / her daily lives without interruption. Long hospital stay or long-term rest after treatment is not required.
Is prostate embolization risky? What are the side effects?
There are no side effects of surgery and it is very safe. Although it is a permanent treatment method, it may not be effective in every patient as in TUR surgery.
Prostate embolization is not the only method to replace TUR surgery, which is currently the best treatment, but it is a very good alternative to surgery. The growth of the prostate gland is an advanced age disease. In this group of patients, many diseases such as heart disease, sugar, blood pressure can increase the risks of anesthesia and surgery. These problems do not pose a great risk to angio treatment. Therefore, it is a recommended method for all prostate enlargement patients, especially in patients with surgical treatment.
Click here for detailed information about Koç University Hospital Interventional Radiology Department.

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