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What is seasonal depression?
Seasonal depression is the name given to periods of seizure and recurrent periods of depression. In order for this diagnosis to be made, it is important that depressive periods start and end in certain seasons of the year, and it is important to show that the seasonal periods do not depend on environmental stress factors such as change of work, school period.
In the vast majority of people who show these symptoms, symptoms begin in autumn or winter, and end in spring. Therefore, these periods of depression are defined as dil seasonal depression ”in medical language. Rarely, there may be people who start depressive periods that begin in the summer and end in the fall.
Seasonal depression is frequently seen in autumn and winter months, with a decrease in energy, increased desire to sleep, and increased desire to eat, increase in weight and the desire to eat foods containing carbohydrates. In addition, complaints such as increased irritability and more frequent crying can be observed. On the other hand, in people who have seasonal depression periods in summer, there are signs of drowsiness and loss of appetite.
Who is observed in seasonal depression?
It is more common in people living in high altitude, women and young people. In some cases, a mood disorder called bipolar disorder can be observed as part of eating disorders or alcohol use disorders, and its diagnosis becomes difficult.
Causes seasonal depression?
The causes of seasonal depression have not yet been fully elucidated, but there are some findings that have been studied and have high evidence. From a biological point of view, in the periods of seasonal depression, the brain has been shown to have decreased metabolic activity in the so-called orbitofrontal cortex and the left inferior parietal lobe. In addition, people with seasonal depression have been suggested to have mood disorders regulating the regulation of serotonin.
In these individuals, the varying amount of daylight in seasonal transitions affects the operation and the number of serotonin carriers in the brain. In addition, melatonin, known as the sleep regulating molecule, may cause symptoms such as fatigue and lack of energy, which is higher than expected with the arrival of winter months. As a result, an inappropriate adaptation to the changing biological rhythm with seasonal transition may cause seasonal depression. Environmental factors, especially the changes in daylight time and meteorological changes are considered to be responsible.
How is seasonal depression diagnosed?
Diagnosis must be made by a professional. In autumn or winter, antidepressant treatments, light therapy, deficiency in the use of Vitamin D and cognitive behavioral therapy methods are used in the treatment. In addition, carbohydrate-poor, protein-rich, untreated diet, alcohol, smoking and caffeine to reduce the use of, plenty of fluid, yoga and meditation, regular exercise, attention to sleep-wake hours, as much as possible to receive daylight and short travel to sunny regions with seasonal depression recommended methods for coping.
This article Prepared by Hale Yapıcı Eser.
For further information, please contact our Psychiatry department.
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