Causes Cough in Children?

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What causes cough in children and how often?
Cough is one of the reasons that causes the most frequent application in childhood. Cough is actually a normal reflex and protects the airway from environmental harmful particles, secretions and aspiration.
 Is every cough a symptom of disease?
Healthy children may cough 11 times a day without other symptoms.
However, cough may be a symptom of some diseases according to the severity and frequency. Acute cough is usually caused by viral upper respiratory tract infections. In children, 50% of coughs due to upper respiratory tract infections decrease in 10 days and 90% in 25 days. Children may experience such infections 6-8 times a year, and these infections can be seen in a row especially in the nursery or school period.

What are the main diseases that cause coughing?
Pneumonia, pertussis and allergic airways diseases are some of the diseases that cause cough. Pneumonia (pneumonia) is an inflammation of the lung tissue. Bacteria can occur mainly due to various microorganisms. Cough with fever, rapid breathing, such as sputum may be complaints. Listening findings of the lung are guiding in the diagnosis.
Pertussis cough; It is a cough that occurs in seizures, which does not allow for breathing in succession, which requires breathing with a long sigh at the end of coughs, and sometimes ends with vomiting. With the swelling of the main airway, larynx, or vocal cords, a child may experience coughing similar to dog barking. This may be caused by swelling or edema, infection or allergy in the airway.
How effective are drugs used to treat cough in children?
The efficacy of cough medications for the pediatric age group has not been established. The use of these drugs is not recommended for children under two years of age, especially because of their toxic effects. The use of drugs containing codeine is not recommended for children under 12 years of age due to suppression of the respiratory system.
For more information about the Department of Pediatrics, Koç University Hospital, click on the link.

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