With the warming of the air, our body temperature increases and changes in our requirements are observed. Pregnant women, elderly people, chronic illnesses and especially children are among the most affected group during the summer months. It is important to pay attention to and be aware of nutrition in reducing health problems frequently seen in the summer months.
Which foods should be consumed most?
Adequate and balanced nutrition should be taken in every period of life. You can create your daily nutrition program by dividing your plate in four and selecting a nutrient from each group. In summer, due to perspiration, loss of fluid and vitamin and mineral losses are experienced. Therefore, taking care of water consumption in summer should be the first for us. Water needs vary from person to person. You can check your child’s urine to see if he has had enough water. Urine should be very light yellow. Second is to increase the consumption of fruit and vegetables in order to prevent increasing vitamin and mineral losses.
In the summer months, children wake up late, causing breakfast to be close to noon. In such cases, you should not force 3 meals to complete, you can make 2 main meals and frequent meals between breakfast and dinner. It should not be forgotten; The first rule of healthy eating is to start the day with breakfast.
What kind of discomfort can lead to inappropriate nutrition in summer?
Diarrhea (diarrhea) is a common disorder especially in children in summer. There are many reasons such as rapid deterioration of food and rotavirus with increasing temperatures. The following measures should be taken to protect them;
Hand hygiene for protection from rotavirus, good washing of vegetables and fruits
The risk of deterioration of cream foods should be kept short because of the increase in the amount of food, should not wait more than a day in the cupboard
Foods (meat, poultry, fish, milk, etc.) should not be kept in the open conditions.
Shopping at the nearest convenience store should be done despite the risk of deterioration until you come home from frozen groceries
What are the mistakes that parents know correctly about feeding their children in summer?
Parents, the more they feed their children, the better they think. With the increase of heat in summer, the appetite decreases. For this reason, children should not be forced to eat too much. Light and non-fat foods should be preferred. Snacks should be supported with liquid foods and fruit. As we have always said, fruits should be consumed as fruits and not fruit juice. Because fruit juices rapidly increase blood sugar, lowering the glycemic index is among the foods we define as high. In order to prevent sudden drops of sugar with increasing temperatures, it should be avoided from foods with high glycemic index, ie simple carbohydrates (pasta, rice, potatoes, etc.), and complex carbohydrates (bulgur, whole wheat pasta etc.) should be preferred.
Yeditepe University Hospital
Nutrition and Dietetics Expert Nazlı Şişik