What are the symptoms of diabetes in children and what is the difference between adult diabetes?

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Symptoms of diabetes in children, the main problem in Type 1 diabetes is deficiency in the secretion of insulin hormone, whereas in Type 2 diabetes in adults, there is a disorder in the cell elements called ler receptor ana in which insulin hormone is bound to act. This disorder is called ”insulin resistance Bu. Although the mechanisms are different, the glucose taken with nutrients cannot enter the cell enough and accumulate in the blood.
What is the main difference between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes? What are the symptoms of diabetes?
The main difference between Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes is the rate at which clinical findings occur. In children with type 1 diabetes, symptoms such as drinking too much water, too much urination, weight loss, and fatigue occur suddenly in 2-3 weeks, while adult Type 2 diabetes symptoms occur over the years and often these symptoms may be overlooked for a long time.
What is the problem, how are the signals? How should families approach their children?
The most common findings in children with diabetes as well as adults are frequent and frequent urination, drinking a lot of water and increasing appetite, although not always seen. Families first say that children start to drink more water than usual, that they have a water bottle all the time, they do not get enough water, they are fed only with water. Too much urine becomes noticeable in the day when children go to the toilet frequently. Therefore, other findings should be investigated in children starting to ask for permission to go to the toilet during the course. Besides, it is noteworthy that children who do not wake up to urinate at night before awaken 1-2 times to urinate and sometimes wet under the night. In small children, mothers often begin to change diapers. Children lose weight despite increasing appetite. Girls may have fungal infection in the genital area, or infants may have persistent rashes.
Some children go to the doctor with non-specific findings such as fatigue, mild fever, abdominal pain, and families may not be able to say specific findings of diabetes. Children may have complaints of school performance, fatigue, and more frequent absenteeism than before. For this reason, it should be examined by the teachers that children start to make absenteeism.
Is early diagnosis important in children with diabetes?
Early diagnosis is very important. The symptoms of nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, eyes collapse, deep and fast breathing (respiratory distress), and the smell of acetone in the mouth begin as a result of the exacerbation of insulin deficiency. There is a close relationship between the early discovery of diabetes findings or the risk of diabetes diagnosis in health care facilities and the application of a dangerous picture, such as a diabetes coma.
How is diabetes treated?
It is necessary to give insulin hormone from the moment of diagnosis in type of diabetes (type 1 diabetes) seen in children. In adults, sugar-lowering pills and diet may work in the initial period. In both types of diabetes, it is important to adhere to the principles of healthy eating and exercise regularly.
What can be done to facilitate the lives of children with diabetes?
The first step to make life easier for children with type 1 diabetes is to create an environment that will enable them to make peace with diabetes. Therefore, it is important not to discriminate against children in the home, school and other areas of daily life and to support them in their çocuklar new normal elik lives. In addition, the most important way to facilitate the lives of children with Type 1 diabetes is to benefit from new technologies related to blood sugar monitoring and insulin delivery, thereby alleviating their burden. You can make an appointment with our doctors by clicking on the link for more detailed information.
Click on the link to get detailed information about the Department of Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes Department of Koç University Hospital.

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