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Tree pollen in late spring and early summer, meadow pollen at the end of the summer, weed pollens in the beginning of autumn in the air is mixed. These pollens reach the nose and eye surface and cause allergic rhinitis.
The pollen reaches the tissue called the mucosa, which paves the inner surface of the nose and causes an allergic reaction. It should be kept in mind that allergic conditions often start at an early age, but can also be seen in adulthood.
Seasonal Allergic Flu
People with pollen allergy experience allergic rhinitis during the season when they are allergic to pollen. However, weather conditions, changes in the surrounding environment and the person’s immune system, some years of mild complaints are experienced, some years, more severe complaints and the need for medication increases. In some patients, the eyes with the nose are also affected and this condition is called allergic conjunctivitis.
Allergic rhinitis throughout the year
If a person is susceptible to allergic substances found in closed environments, the symptoms of allergic rhinitis continue throughout the year. Allergic allergic rhinitis and conjunctivitis are seen in individuals who have allergy to house dust mite, cat, dog, cockroach, mold fungus due to domestic humidity.
When should we think of allergic flu?
Children with allergic rhinitis can experience sneezing, nasal itching, runny nose and / or nasal congestion shortly after being exposed to pollens, cats, dogs and house dust mites. This movement is called an allergic salute because children often erase their noses upward; This movement may occur due to a horizontal line on the nose. This disease is usually accompanied by eye rash (allergic conjunctivitis) eyes redness, itching, watering is common. Nasal congestion and fullness in the vessels cause swelling and dark color under the eyes. Nasal discharge, headache, cough may accompany. Because of nasal congestion, children wakes up at night and wakes up in the morning tired. Fatigue, perception difficulties, sleep disorders adversely affect daily life.
Does allergic rhinitis increase the risk of other allergic diseases?
When they are allergic to the cause of the skin eczema, urticaria (hives) can be seen. Asthma symptoms may be seen in 10-40% of patients with allergic rhinitis, or asthma symptoms are increased in children with asthma.
Seasonal Allergic Diagnosis
The most important thing in the diagnosis of allergic rhinitis is the patient’s history. It should be questioned when symptoms are encountered, and how they occur. If the nose is exposed to pollen in the nose, itching, sneezing, clear runny nose should be considered spring fever. Allergen level measurement from the blood (pollen specific IgE) and prick allergy tests applied to the skin can be determined which particles are allergic to the individual.
How to treat seasonal allergic rhinitis?
Allergen avoidance is a priority in the treatment of allergic rhinitis. For this reason, in spring and early summer when pollen numbers are increased, it is recommended that people with spring fever should reduce the time zone for outdoor activities and do their outdoor activities in the morning or evening instead of afternoon hours.
In house of dust mite allergy patients should be removed moisture, moisture should be destroyed, mites holding mites, pillows, mattresses and pillows filled with wool, mattresses and quilts are recommended to be removed from the bedroom. Special non-permeable bed linens help treatment in patients with home dust allergy.
In the treatment of allergic rhinitis, nasal sprays and oral syrups or tablets may also be used to control symptoms. It is recommended that the physician regulate the medications by evaluating the severity of the allergic disease and the patient’s condition. In addition, vaccination therapy (immunotherapy) can be applied to patients who have severe allergic complaints and have limited response to drug treatment. This treatment, called immunotherapy, is applied in 2 different ways: there are injection forms applied to the tablet / drop or arm that melts under the tongue. Allergic reactions may develop during these treatments, so if you apply at least 3-4 years under the control of allergy physicians, the likelihood of successful long-term results is increasing.
For more information about the Department of Allergy and Immunology at Koç University Hospital, click on the link.
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