What is autism? What are the symptoms of autism?

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What is Autism? Dr. Koç University Hospital, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, pointed out that autism is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by social interaction, problems in verbal and nonverbal communication, repetitive behavior and limited interest. Tuba Mutluer said that the symptoms usually started within the first three years. Dr. Mutluer, which is defined as a fan disorder, draws attention to the fact that autism contains many clinical manifestations with different severity and symptoms.
What are the Symptoms of Autism?
The symptoms of autism mainly consist of issues that lead to functional disruption in two areas:
Social communication and interaction deterioration:

No eye contact, short-term establishment,
When I’m called by his name,
Improper use of gestures and gestures,
In your own case, in your own world,
Indifference to peers, failure to develop appropriate peer relations,
To be more concerned with objects and details than people’s faces,
Emotional unresponsiveness,
Difficulty playing games like imitations or pretensions
Not to share their feelings and interests spontaneously.

Limited and repetitive behavior patterns and interests:

Stereotypes (swinging, flapping your arms),
Extreme interest in rotating objects,
Non-objective playing with toys,
Repeater, unique, uniform speech,
Insistence in solicitation,
Restricted and unusual interests,
Rituals,
Hypersensitivity or insensitivity to some senses (such as sniffing, hearing, touching),

Click on the link to get detailed information about the Koç University Hospital Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Department.

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Causes Autism? How is autism diagnosed?

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Causes Autism?
Recent studies show that autism has multiple genetic factors and gene-environment interactions. It is known that the disorder in the development of neural connections in the brain in the early period causes autism. Imaging studies identified functional reductions in areas related to volume reduction, facial and emotion reading in areas related to understanding social cues of the brain.
What are the other psychiatric conditions accompanying autism?
Children with autism have a high risk of co-morbidity for other psychiatric disorders. Particularly attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, tic disorder, depression and eating disorder are often seen as overlapping.
How is autism diagnosed?
The diagnosis of autism is made by the experts of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, based on clinical evaluation and behavioral characteristics. The severity of the detailed clinical history, signs and symptoms and the severity of functional impairment are very important in the diagnostic process in autism. Some internationally valid diagnostic scales are also helpful in diagnosing.
How old is the diagnosis of autism?
If there are children who have intermittent areas at the age of one, at least in terms of autism or other developmental disorders, ından risky children v should be specified and intervention should begin. In studies conducted by experienced experts 1-2 years of age is reported to be high reliability of the diagnosis.

Early diagnosis in autism is life-saving.

What is treatment in autism?
Treatment in autism is to direct the child to appropriate educational programs as soon as possible. Since the needs of children with autism are different from each other, the treatment and education given are specific to the child. Individualized Education Program (IEP) is planned and planned according to the individual characteristics and development level of the child. Education aims at acquiring children’s self-care and cognitive skills, particularly social and communicative skills appropriate for age. The method that comes to the fore in scientific studies from behavioral therapies; Applied Behavior Analysis. Education is effective only when it is continuous and intensive. Learning the methods used in education by family members and using them where necessary, positively affects the development of the child.
What is going on in autism, depends on what, can we speak of healing?
Although autism is often known to be a lifelong condition from childhood to adulthood, in recent years there has been an increase in autism. In recent studies, it has been shown that 5-20% of children with early diagnosis and early intervention can be diagnosed.
Early age of first diagnosis, early initiation of appropriate educational intervention, intelligence level of the child, good language development and mild symptom severity have been shown to be the predictors of a favorable course in autism.

Discover Autism Early!

If you are a child;

If he doesn’t make eye contact or his eyes stick to something,
If he doesn’t look at you when you say his name and he pretends he doesn’t hear it,
His speech is behind his peers,
If he says some words over and over again,
With his finger, he doesn’t show what he wants and he uses your hand,
If it does not initiate or maintain a mutual relationship or game,
If his or her peers are not interested in games or toys,
If he doesn’t play imaginary games and always repeats the same game,
If there are different and repetitive movements such as wobbling, jumping, walking at fingertips, clapping arms,
If he is overactive, doesn’t make eye contact,
If you’re doing some unusual gestures, such as rotating and rotating some items,
If the physical contact overreacts or does not respond to sensory stimuli such as sound or light,
If he overreacts to the changes in order in his daily life,

It is important to bring a child and adolescent psychiatry specialist for autism. Early diagnosis in autism changes the quality of life positively.
Click on the link to get detailed information about the Koç University Hospital Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Department.

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