What is knee calcification (gonarthrosis)?
Knee cartilage is a tissue that provides mobility by creating a flat surface in the knee joint. Damage in cartilage tissue is poor. The deterioration and weakening of the structure of the cartilage in the knee is called calcification (gonarthrosis).
What are the symptoms of knee calcification?
Especially in patients over the age of 50, knee pain, movement limitation, knees deformity (O shaped leg), during the movement of the knee sound from the knee, such as the increase in pain when the stairs up and increase complaints can be seen.
Causes of Knee Calcification
Inflammatory diseases (lupus, gout, etc.)
Treatment Methods in Knee Calcification
The treatment modalities vary according to the patient’s age, expectation, the severity of the complaints, the cause and degree of calcification. If the age of the patient is young, if the complaints of early stage calcification are not advanced, non-surgical treatment methods are recommended. If the patient is overweight, weight loss is recommended. It is asked to move away from heavy jobs, stairs or downhill. Exercise therapies are especially recommended for strengthening thigh muscles. The use of pain medication (NSAID) drugs, ice treatment applications, knee medicine applications (hyaluronic acid, PRP, stem cell) are the methods that can be recommended.
How to Diagnose Knee Calcification?
In the physical examination of the patient, the knee tenderness, the knee joint space in the knee joint due to the loss of cartilage loss, joint surface deterioration, osteophyte (bone sharpness) is seen with the diagnosis is made.
Surgical Treatment Methods in Knee Calcification
It is a method that aims to treat knee pathology by using two small holes without fully opening the knee joint. When applied in calcification treatment, it was shown in the literature studies that the patient provided temporary improvement and then the complaints could be repeated.
High Tibial Osteotomy
It is the treatment method applied for the calcification of the knee joint in patients under 65 years old. The purpose of this treatment is to reduce the pressure on the inside of the knee by taking the loading plane of the knee to some extent, thereby slowing the progression of calcification. After treatment, the patient is able to burden the knee after bone union.
Unicondylar Knee Prosthesis
It is a treatment method applied especially for the wear of cartilage that has an inner face of the knee joint. The purpose of this treatment is to replace the damaged cartilage in the inner part of the knee joint with the implant and form a painless and mobile knee joint. After surgery, the patient can start to move on the following day and put the load on the knee.