Diet To Prevent Breast Cancer

As you know, breast cancer is the most common cancer type in women all over the world as it is in US.
According to statistics, one day out of every 8 women with breast cancer meets.
Modern medicine and prevent them rather than trying to uncover the factors that increase breast cancer “early detection” is dealing with.
Very pleasing to the ear expression, early diagnosis, early diagnose the disease, rather than prevent them in all respects but is more accurate.
Moreover, early diagnosis of breast cancers that are thought to be a fifth “over-diagnosis” of no benefit to the patient of this diagnosis as it is not a lot of damage also I want to remind you that they understand.
Breast cancer can be prevented?
Yes, breast cancer can be prevented.
Even just a very small part of most preventable cancer because breast cancer are genetics the cause of many cancers negative “environmental conditions” and “is a way of life”.
They also “proper nutrition” is.
Moreover, proper nutrition is not just cancer, heart disease, obesity, diabetes, asthma, and allergies may prevent many diseases, including.
Omega 3 cancer shield
High-fiber, omega-3/omega-6 ratio is high, polyphenol rich foods with a low glycemic index and I would stay away from diseases
All of these elements in the Mediterranean diet are also available, and also canola oil, margarine and low-fat dairy products are not traditionally included in the diet of U. Such a diet, it’s not just breast cancer, pancreatic, stomach, colon, liver and reduces the risk of prostate cancer.
Mediterranean diet, and breast cancer in women with early breast cancer and reduces deaths from other causes. This diet cancers cancer, every three to reduce the risk of obesity which increases the risk of metabolic syndrome and Prevention of diabetes has the role of.
The most important nutrient in the Prevention of breast cancer, sourced seafood omega-3 fatty acids. In contrast, excessive consumption of omega 6 fatty acids increases the risk of breast cancer.
What matters the most in the diet of omega 3 to omega 6 ratio; this ratio, the higher the probability of the proportion of breast and other cancers is reduced. What that means is, eating more of omega 6 than omega 3 rich foods, you must decrease them in.
Flavonoids, a polyphenol with antioxidant properties, probably by stimulating androgen synthesis increases to 30 percent omega-3.
Organic plant foods and dairy products such as organic animal fats of omega 3/omega 6 ratio is higher and these are “hormone-disrupting” chemicals known as the amount is much less.
Soft Mediterranean Diet
Most of the Mediterranean diet the negative side of alcohol consumption.Many studies are claimed to reduce the risk of heart disease benefits of red wine, not an alcoholic, obtained from grapes rich in flavonoids deals with. It certainly ethanol alcohol is “toxic” so “toxic” substance.
The risk of breast cancer in women after menopause who do not use any alcohol drinkers are 10 percent less than one drink per day. Alcohol increases the possibility of recurrence of breast cancer. For this reason, alcohol-free Mediterranean diet is the healthiest diet.
Let’s see the result
Important for the early detection of diseases is not “Prevention of diseases”.
Cancer, heart attack and stroke, asthma, depression, Alzheimer’s disease and almost all of it is possible to prevent a healthy lifestyle.
Instead of immediately resorting to medication or surgery when a disease is diagnosed, “the treatment can be done without” it should be noted that.


Cancer-Fighting Nutrients 10


Grapefruit is a fruit rich in vitamin C. Vitamin C is a powerful antioxidant that fight free radicals damaging the body. 1 per day vitamin C during the winter months you consume grapefruit meets 70 percent of the person’s needs. Moreover, studies of vitamin C in the respiratory tract, the esophagus (reflux) of the stomach and plays a key role in the Prevention of colon cancer. To consume a grapefruit in season is extremely helpful. But “now the season has passed and I don’t like grapefruit, or if you say” alternatively, kiwi, strawberries, green pepper, and corn starch you can consume. Indeed, all that can replace a cancer fighter grapefruit.

Yesil Tea

Cancer warrior both winter and summer; Yesil tea. Contains powerful antioxidants known as catechins content. Catechins in teas Yesil studies thanks to the reveal that reduces the risk of cancer. Catechins found in black tea, but tea is richer in the content of Yesil. Therefore you don’t forget to drink 2 cups of tea per day in both winter and summer Yesil.

Cruciferous ( Broccoli-Cauliflower-Cabbage)

Broccoli, cauliflower, cruciferous vegetables such as cabbage and winter from the group, many anti carcinogenic compounds. These compounds also helps prevent DNA and cell damage, especially in season so in the winter when consumed protects you from cancer. Therefore, approximately 200 grams of broccoli to consume 2-3 times per week is very beneficial. Vegetables to lose vitamins and minerals because it is exposed to heat for a long time let boil broccoli and cauliflower for the best. With cabbage you can cook in a pressure cooker without adding water in a short time and get maximum benefit.


Summer months are a source of healing Tomatoes, which contain lycopene has a potential role in reducing cancer risk. The effect of lycopene from cooked tomatoes, so the heat treatment is applied is increased, and thus the antioxidant capacity increases. The season of tomatoes consumed in the antioxidant effect, the prostate, breast, digestive system, bladder, and cervical cancer reduces the risk of skin. In the summer you make sure you’re getting all the meals for your health tomatoes. But remember, mostly baked.


Kullanilageldi garlic for medicinal purposes for thousands of years many different. The content of sulfur compounds it strengthens the immune system, protects against cancer by increasing the activity of enzymes that suppress tumor cell proliferation. If you like garlic, the onions still in this family, such as leeks, vegetables also contains selenium which is a powerful antioxidant that protects against cell damage. A compound named quercetin which is also found in abundance in onions in the capture of damaging free radicals in the body effective. Studies in the head with garlic consumption, including cancer of the stomach, bladder, colon and prostate cancer reveals that there is an inverse relationship between. For this reason, “a week on the job, I may be uncomfortable in the workplace, or I can make things uncomfortable,” do not think, give you plenty of onions and garlic cooked some of your meals. Moreover, the cooked onions and garlic does not cause bad breath. One last note; I also know that the garlic is more of a positive impact when consumed as whole.

Flax Seed

10 grams flax seed per day reduces your risk of breast cancer did you know that? Flax seed omega-3 fatty acids, alpha-linolenic acid, protein, highly soluble and insoluble fiber, and lignans include. In recent years, studies focused on the fiber in flax lignans compounds. 10 grams flax seed per day is indicated to reduce the risk of breast cancer. Flax seed also lowers total and LDL cholesterol in blood vessels to reduce the accumulation and consumption of attention. Whether you can eat yogurt along with flax seed alone if you want.

Red Grapes

Constitute a significant source of resveratrol, a powerful antioxidant grape bark. Laboratory studies indicate that phenolic compounds in grapes and grape juice with resvoratrol protective against cancer.


Here are a good nutrient in the winter months: pumpkin. Which is a very powerful antioxidant beta – carotene it contains. Beta-carotene apricots, carrots, sweet potatoes, and citrus fruits such as Persimmon, dark yellow-orange found in fruits and vegetables. From exhibit protective activity against cell damage caused by free radicals. Beta-carotene rich diet, especially with the preventive work against premenopausal breast cancer is shown. Prepare your pumpkin puree and yogurt as snacks or soup during the winter months you can consume. However, beware! That is the most common trigger that is used liberally in the sugar and pumpkin pie remember!


Here are more high to have a preventive effect against cancer a nutrient: Oats. Soluble oat fiber beta-gluten also contains. Beta-glucan reduces your risk of heart disease by lowering blood cholesterol levels. Oatmeal, legumes, and they contain fiber and whole grain foods such as wheat is of great importance in the fight against cancer thanks to the antioxidant compounds. Of oatmeal and 1-2 tablespoons of yogurt per day along with protective properties against cancer and also helps the digestive system consumed.

Blueberries, Strawberries, Blackberries, Raspberries

The flavonoids in blueberries, proanthocyanidins compounds with powerful antioxidant effects and protects against cancer. However, there are alternative foods for those who consumed the blueberries. For example, strawberry, red berries, fruits such as blackberries and raspberries contain compounds similar. Blueberries can be eaten dry roasted with sugar from a handful a day. You can consume a cup of tea with fresh blueberries. Besides that you can easily find black berry or berries in the summer until you can benefit from consuming 1 cup of flavonoid compounds.

Who Carries Risk of Large Bowel Cancer?

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Large bowel cancer is among the first 5 most common cancer according to the statistics of the Ministry of Health. A significant proportion of bowel cancer patients are in their 50s, and in recent years, they can be seen in younger age individuals for various reasons.
Bowel cancer is called rectum and colon cancer.
Who is at risk for large bowel cancer?

People with a family history of large bowel cancer have a higher risk of developing the disease than others and may be at a younger age.
Changes in genes increase the risk of cancer.
Previous cancer diseases carry the risk of being re-migrated.
Although polyps in the large intestine are benign, they are at risk of cancer. Therefore, it should be removed and checked at regular intervals.
Early diagnosis is very important.
Patients with ulcerative colitis and crown disease (inflammatory bowel disease) are at the risk of cancer.
Nutrition is extremely important. People who have a nutritional program that is weak in terms of fruits and vegetables, calcium, folate, and fiber, and which have an intensive diet in terms of animal fat and food, are at greater risk of developing colon cancer.
Cigarette smoking, as in all types of cancer, also triggers large bowel cancer and should be avoided.

What are the symptoms of large bowel cancer?

Changes in intestinal habits (diarrhea, constipation),
Thinner stools than usual,
Blood in the stool,
Intra-abdominal gas,
Feeling of cramping or bloating,
Unexplained weight loss,
Continuous fatigue may be symptoms of colon cancer such as nausea and vomiting.

When these findings are encountered, it is important to consult a doctor for early diagnosis. As a result of late diagnosis, cancerous cells can reach different sizes and make treatment difficult.

What are the methods used to diagnose large bowel cancer?
Finger Examination of the Rectum:
It is a manual method. After resting the patient’s complaint, if the suspected area is rectum, a finger examination procedure is performed. If any finding is found, further examinations are performed.
Colonoscopy is the method of imaging the entire wall of the colon. If polyps are detected by this procedure, they are removed and our patients are checked and followed up with the same procedure.
Endorectal Ultrasound:
Today, this technique is only used to clarify the diagnosis of very early stage rectal tumors. The rectum and surrounding tissues are displayed with the help of a computer that transforms the reflection of sound waves into images. In this way, the tumor will be informed about the depth of the rectum, lymph nodes and its spread to nearby tissues.
Computed tomography (CT):
Computerized tomography technology used for systemic staging is used to diagnose liver and lung metastases.
You can click on the link to get detailed information about Koç University Hospital General Surgery Department.

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What are the methods used to treat large bowel cancer?

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What are the methods used to treat large bowel cancer?
Surgical, chemotherapy and radiotherapy are the main methods used in the treatment of colon cancer. The treatment process varies according to the stage and spread of the tumor.
In cases where cancer does not spread to distant organs, the main method is surgery. In this method, the tumor is removed and the surrounding solid tissue is removed. In some cases, the stool is taken out by placing the bag with the method called colostomy. This may be temporary or permanent in some patients. Methods such as laparoscopic surgery and robotic surgery, which cause less pain and quick recovery, are also applied in our country.
It is a medicated treatment to kill cancer cells. It is a frequently used therapy in some stages of colon cancer and in cases where it has spread to another part of the body.
Radiation Therapy:
More known as radiotherapy. It is aimed to destroy the cancer cells in the treated area with rays. Radiotherapy can be given with chemotherapy to reduce tumor preoperatively or to prevent postoperative recurrences.

What are the ways to prevent colon cancer?
In addition to all these screening methods, there are some risk reduction methods for prevention of colon cancer. Of them;

Physical exercise,
Getting rid of excess weight,
Smoking and drinking alcohol,
High-fiber, low-fat foods to consume foods firstly to keep in mind.

Koç University Hospital, Department of General Surgery, manages the processes in the diagnosis and treatment of colon and rectal cancers with the most accurate and up-to-date methods and presents them to the patients.
Click on the link to get detailed information about the Department of General Surgery at Koç University Hospital.

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Does Ultraviolet Ray Cause Skin Cancer?

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What is ultraviolet ray (UV)?
The wavelengths of the sun’s rays in the range of 280-400 nanometers are known as ultraviolet (UV) -A and -Brays. Exposure to these rays leads to the appearance of a sunburn that manifests with early redness and redness of the skin. In addition, skin cancers can cause harmful and dangerous effects, such as various sunspots, allergic symptoms, and the development of certain sunlight-triggered diseases, such as skin immune suppression and premature aging. The World Health Organization defined sun and artificial sun rays (solarium, solar lamps) as lam carcinogen yapay (cancer causing substance).
Is the amount of UV light associated with skin cancer development?
The total amount of ultraviolet radiation that is exposed to life-span and the number of sunburns, especially in childhood, are directly related to the risk of skin cancer development in adulthood. Tanning is caused by the increase of the amount of melanin in the skin (the pigment that gives the color to the skin) as a defense mechanism to prevent further damage due to UV damage of various cells in the skin. By the amount of increased melanin, the skin becomes darker and more UV radiation is prevented from being absorbed. However, this DNA damage is never fully repaired by the body and leads to the development of skin cancers. Children, especially children under 6 months of age, should not be exposed to direct sunlight as the skin of children is much more sensitive to sunlight.

Why should we protect the sun?
The goal of protection from the sun should not only prevent sunburn development, but also prevent the skin from changing color.
Measures to be taken for this purpose;

Avoid being outdoors between 10:00 and 16:00,
Choosing shade areas and using sunglasses with clothing and hats covering the body surface as broadly as possible,
Hats should be wide border to cover the neck and ears,
It is preferred that the garments be chosen from UV-resistant special products or from dark-colored, frequently woven linen and cotton fabrics that pass less than UV, or from fine-textured fabrics made of polyester, lycra, polypropylene,
Sunscreen products should also be used.

The above measures may reduce the risk of ultraviolet-related skin aging and skin cancer development.

This article Prepared by Deniz Akkaya.
You can contact our Dermatology Department for more information.

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Can Cervical Cancer In Women Be Prevented?

Cervical cancer is the third most common cause of cancer among female reproductive organs and can cause serious consequences when not diagnosed early. Every year around 500,000 women worldwide die from cervical cancer, and many of them are in developing countries. The most important difference between cervical cancer and other cancers is that the cause is known and can be prevented. The cause of cervical cancer is the sexually transmitted Human Papilloma virus.
Before the development of cervical cancer in women infected with Human Papilloma virus, some microscopic lesions develop in the cervix and these changes are pre-cancerous changes. These cancer precursors, called cervical dysplasia, can be detected by pap smear examination from the cervix. The initiating agent in cervical dysplasia and carcinogenesis is Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) infection.
Genital HPV infection is the most common sexually transmitted disease worldwide. It is transmitted through skin-to-skin contact during sexual intercourse. The risk of life-long HPV infection in sexually active individuals

About Breast Cancer

What is breast cancer?
Breast cancer occurs as a result of uncontrolled proliferation of cells in the breast by genetic mutation. These cells can jump to other organs of the body, ie they can metastasize.
Is breast cancer a hereditary disease?
Breast cancer alone is hereditary. Although it is not hereditary in -20 of patients, a few people in the family have been diagnosed with breast cancer before. In other words, p-75 patients in the family have no previous diagnosis of breast cancer. All women are at risk for breast cancer. One out of every 8 women has breast cancer.
Is there a specific target group / group of breast cancer?
Breast cancer can be seen in all women, but some factors are known to increase the risk of breast cancer. The incidence of breast cancer increases with age. The age at which menstruation begins before 12 years of age, entering late menopause (after 55 years of age), having no births or giving birth at late age (after 30 years of age), not breastfeeding, having people diagnosed with breast cancer in the family, alcohol and smoking, menopause post-obesity is an increased risk. Although the effect of nutrition on risk-raising is not clear, consuming too much red meat, consuming processed meat and eating too much fat can increase the risk. Vegetable and fruit weighted nutrition, physical activity is shown to reduce the risk of excessive.
Who should be screened for hereditary breast cancer?
Only those who are considered to be at high risk for hereditary breast cancer should be screened. Breast cancer developed in both breasts, the family has been diagnosed with both breast and ovarian cancer, having a family history of male breast cancer, having 2 or more breast cancer on the same side of the family (father or mother side), 1 or more people with ovarian cancer on the same side, first or second degree relatives of breast cancer under the age of 45 people who have been diagnosed with breast cancer suggests that may be hereditary. The most common genetic disorder in hereditary breast cancers is mutation in the BRCA-1 or BRCA-2 gene. Breast cancer develops in -85 of the people with this mutation and ovarian cancer develops in -45. Therefore, if a mutation is detected in BRCA-1 or BRCA-2 gene, preventive approaches are recommended.
The desire to screen for hereditary breast cancer was increased following the detection of this mutation in Angelina Jolie. However, this test is not recommended for everyone. It is recommended for people with a strong family history as in the case of Angelina Jolie.
What should be done to those at risk for hereditary breast cancer?
Preventive surgery, drug prevention and close follow-up are recommended. The most effective method is to reduce the risk by preventive surgeries. These include bilateral mastectomy, ie, the removal of the breast and ovarian ovaries against ovarian cancer. In mastectomy, the skin and nipple are protected and there is no aesthetic problem because silicone implants are placed during surgery. The removal of the ovaries is recommended after the age of 35-40 or after the desired number of children.
What are the symptoms of breast cancer?
The most common symptom of breast cancer is a painless mass in the breast. In addition, breast or skin shrinkage of the breast skin, reddening, edema or orange peel appearance and the armpit hand mass in the breast cancer should consider. Should these symptoms occur, they should consult a doctor immediately. The earlier the diagnosis is made, the easier the treatment.
Is screening and early detection possible in breast cancer?
Breast cancer screening is one of the recommended cancers. For screening for breast cancer in women at standard risk, annual mammography and annual medical examination should be performed after 40 years of age. From the age of 25, women are advised to examine their breasts and to have a medical examination every 1-3 years between 25-40 years of age.
What are the treatment methods?
Breast cancer is a treatable disease in case of early diagnosis and use of modern therapies. A successful treatment cannot be done by one branch. Multidisciplinary approach to success, ie, General Surgery, Medical Oncology, Radiation Oncology, Pathology, Radiology, Nuclear Medicine, such as many branches need to act jointly. For this purpose, patients should be discussed in the tumor council and treatment plans should be made.
The main treatment for early breast cancer is surgery. Radiotherapy, chemotherapy and hormonal treatment are applied to prevent recurrence after surgery. In other metastasized tumors, surgery is not performed and chemotherapy and / or hormonal treatment is applied.
Are there any targeted drugs other than chemotherapy in breast cancer?
Breast cancer consists of 4 different subgroups. These include target-directed agents such as trastuzumab, pertuzumab, T-DM1, which directly target the tumor in patients in the HER2 (cerb-B2) positive group. In hormone-sensitive breast cancers,

10 Correctly Known to Cancer

A cancer knife or biopsy can cause cancer to spread to the body.

False. Proper surgery and biopsy do not cause cancer to spread or grow. Biopsy is the only way for a person to be diagnosed with definitive cancer.

Sugar should nourish cancer, cut sugar completely in the diet.

False. All cells in our body, including cancer cells, use sugar for energy. Although cancer cells consume more sugar than normal cells, no study has shown that eating sugar makes cancer worse or that eating sugar does not reduce or destroy cancer. This should not mean that it is appropriate to have a diet that contains too much sugar. A diet with excessive sugar can lead to excessive weight gain, leading to obesity, and obesity is known to increase the risk of developing certain types of cancer. Foods that contain reasonable amounts of sugar and do not cause weight gain do not increase the risk of cancer. Some patients who try to be over-controlled and do not consume many foods with carcinogens may not be able to continue their treatment due to decreased nutritional deficiency and resistance.

Sweeteners make cancer.

False. None of the sweeteners studies showed that sweeteners had cancer in humans.

The cancer patient’s attitude towards cancer (morale) affects the recovery from cancer.

False. To date, no scientific data have shown that a person’s attitude to cancer changes the likelihood of cancer development or cancer-related death. It is normal to be upset, angry, sometimes feel rancid or overly optimistic after having a diagnosis of cancer. Patients with higher morale do not keep themselves away from social relationships, remain active and have better quality of life. The treatment process of patients with positive attitudes towards the disease is better. However, the lack of morale does not indicate that cancer treatment will be less effective and does not affect the success of cancer treatment. The patient’s extreme attitudes towards cancer (morale) may cause the patient to feel unnecessarily guilty if the treatment does not yield good results.

Herbal treatments, which are being sold as alternative or supportive treatments, improve cancer.

False. Although some herbal remedies available as alternative or supportive treatments may be useful in some side effects related to chemotherapy or radiotherapy, there is no scientific data indicating that these drugs treat cancer. Herbal medicines, already understood to be effective in the treatment of cancer, are now standard treatments and are not called alternative or supportive treatments. It should be kept in mind that some of the chemotherapy drugs are derived from plants. Patients who want to use herbal products or vitamins should talk to their doctors because these products can reduce the effect of chemotherapy and radiotherapy on cancer cells.

Acidic diets make cancer, so alkaline foods and sodium bicarbonate should make the body alkaline.

False. Our body acid-alkaline balance is very well controlled. Otherwise it is incompatible with life. It is not possible for a person with normal functioning lungs and kidneys to alkalize his body with the food they eat. If an excess alkali diet is taken, it is excreted from the urine and the urine becomes alkaline. Although too acidic diet is made, the urine becomes acidic because it will be excreted from the urine. In this way, the body’s acid and alkali balance is maintained. It is true that the tumor cannot live in an alkaline environment, but this also applies to all cells in our body. Do not drink sodium bicarbonate to make the body alkaline.

Cancer kills more than cure treatments.

False. It is a fact that cancer treatments (chemotherapy, radiotherapy and surgery) have uncomfortable side effects. However, as stated on some websites, er cancer treatment is effective only in 3% of patients er is incorrect. The number of patients benefiting from cancer treatment is increasing day by day in the light of new developments. While the pıi of patients diagnosed with testicular cancer improved in the 1970s, the rate of recovery is now