What causes the growth of the nasal flesh in children?

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Growth of Genetic Meat in Children
Fungal growth is one of the most common diseases in children. Geniz is the name given to the space behind the nose that combines the mouth with the nose. Adenoid tissue in the flesh or medical language is a lymphoepithelial tissue in this region. Aphimous meat with tonsils, nose and mouth through the body as a part of the immune system to fight against infections. The growth of pubescent meat usually occurs between 3-7 years of age, when children are most frequently confronted with infection. As the age progresses, the growth decreases and the nasal passages in adulthood are almost lost. From our Ear Nose Throat Department. Ozan Gokler informs about Geniz Meat:
What are the symptoms of flesh growth?
Nasal congestion, difficulty in breathing through the nose, accordingly mouth breathing, open mouth, snoring, frequent upper respiratory tract and middle ear infections.
How is a flesh diagnosis made?
The history of the patients and the families are almost sufficient for the diagnosis. In the Otorhinolaryngology examination, the nasal lobe can be seen endoscopically with special instruments by mouth and nose. X-rays can also help diagnose if necessary.
How is the process of treating the flesh meat?
Treatment of the growth of pheromone is surgery. Surgery can be performed at any age when the indication is correct. The operation is very easy for both the surgeon and the child, it is performed under general anesthesia and the duration is about 5-10 minutes. Different methods can be used as surgical technique. No matter what method is used, the complications related to surgery are very low. The operated child is discharged on the same day. Children may continue their normal life the day after surgery. Surgery should be avoided in children with cleft palate or blood clotting problem.

Be careful!
Nephrine growth, which is not properly treated or not treated timely, may lead to greater and permanent problems. Enlarged nasal flesh may adversely affect middle ear ventilation due to its anatomical position. As a result of the inadequate ventilation of the middle ear, fluid collection in the middle ear can cause hearing loss and chronic otitis media. Sleep quality is reduced due to nasal congestion and snoring. Decreased sleep quality may lead to distraction and, consequently, a decrease in course achievement.
Untreated chronic nasal flesh growth, obstructive sleep apnea in children, upper airway resistance syndrome, swallowing and speech disorder, decrease in taste and odor, abnormal facial and tooth development, growth and growth retardation, sinusitis, pharyngitis and lung infections may cause.
It is very important for the healthy development of children that it is very easy to diagnose and treat this childhood disease, which is very common and easy to diagnose and treat.
Click on the link to get detailed information about Koç University Hospital’s Otolaryngology Department.

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Causes Autism? How is autism diagnosed?

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Causes Autism?
Recent studies show that autism has multiple genetic factors and gene-environment interactions. It is known that the disorder in the development of neural connections in the brain in the early period causes autism. Imaging studies identified functional reductions in areas related to volume reduction, facial and emotion reading in areas related to understanding social cues of the brain.
What are the other psychiatric conditions accompanying autism?
Children with autism have a high risk of co-morbidity for other psychiatric disorders. Particularly attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, tic disorder, depression and eating disorder are often seen as overlapping.
How is autism diagnosed?
The diagnosis of autism is made by the experts of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, based on clinical evaluation and behavioral characteristics. The severity of the detailed clinical history, signs and symptoms and the severity of functional impairment are very important in the diagnostic process in autism. Some internationally valid diagnostic scales are also helpful in diagnosing.
How old is the diagnosis of autism?
If there are children who have intermittent areas at the age of one, at least in terms of autism or other developmental disorders, ından risky children v should be specified and intervention should begin. In studies conducted by experienced experts 1-2 years of age is reported to be high reliability of the diagnosis.

Early diagnosis in autism is life-saving.

What is treatment in autism?
Treatment in autism is to direct the child to appropriate educational programs as soon as possible. Since the needs of children with autism are different from each other, the treatment and education given are specific to the child. Individualized Education Program (IEP) is planned and planned according to the individual characteristics and development level of the child. Education aims at acquiring children’s self-care and cognitive skills, particularly social and communicative skills appropriate for age. The method that comes to the fore in scientific studies from behavioral therapies; Applied Behavior Analysis. Education is effective only when it is continuous and intensive. Learning the methods used in education by family members and using them where necessary, positively affects the development of the child.
What is going on in autism, depends on what, can we speak of healing?
Although autism is often known to be a lifelong condition from childhood to adulthood, in recent years there has been an increase in autism. In recent studies, it has been shown that 5-20% of children with early diagnosis and early intervention can be diagnosed.
Early age of first diagnosis, early initiation of appropriate educational intervention, intelligence level of the child, good language development and mild symptom severity have been shown to be the predictors of a favorable course in autism.

Discover Autism Early!

If you are a child;

If he doesn’t make eye contact or his eyes stick to something,
If he doesn’t look at you when you say his name and he pretends he doesn’t hear it,
His speech is behind his peers,
If he says some words over and over again,
With his finger, he doesn’t show what he wants and he uses your hand,
If it does not initiate or maintain a mutual relationship or game,
If his or her peers are not interested in games or toys,
If he doesn’t play imaginary games and always repeats the same game,
If there are different and repetitive movements such as wobbling, jumping, walking at fingertips, clapping arms,
If he is overactive, doesn’t make eye contact,
If you’re doing some unusual gestures, such as rotating and rotating some items,
If the physical contact overreacts or does not respond to sensory stimuli such as sound or light,
If he overreacts to the changes in order in his daily life,

It is important to bring a child and adolescent psychiatry specialist for autism. Early diagnosis in autism changes the quality of life positively.
Click on the link to get detailed information about the Koç University Hospital Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Department.

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Causes Cough in Children?

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What causes cough in children and how often?
Cough is one of the reasons that causes the most frequent application in childhood. Cough is actually a normal reflex and protects the airway from environmental harmful particles, secretions and aspiration.
 Is every cough a symptom of disease?
Healthy children may cough 11 times a day without other symptoms.
However, cough may be a symptom of some diseases according to the severity and frequency. Acute cough is usually caused by viral upper respiratory tract infections. In children, 50% of coughs due to upper respiratory tract infections decrease in 10 days and 90% in 25 days. Children may experience such infections 6-8 times a year, and these infections can be seen in a row especially in the nursery or school period.

What are the main diseases that cause coughing?
Pneumonia, pertussis and allergic airways diseases are some of the diseases that cause cough. Pneumonia (pneumonia) is an inflammation of the lung tissue. Bacteria can occur mainly due to various microorganisms. Cough with fever, rapid breathing, such as sputum may be complaints. Listening findings of the lung are guiding in the diagnosis.
Pertussis cough; It is a cough that occurs in seizures, which does not allow for breathing in succession, which requires breathing with a long sigh at the end of coughs, and sometimes ends with vomiting. With the swelling of the main airway, larynx, or vocal cords, a child may experience coughing similar to dog barking. This may be caused by swelling or edema, infection or allergy in the airway.
How effective are drugs used to treat cough in children?
The efficacy of cough medications for the pediatric age group has not been established. The use of these drugs is not recommended for children under two years of age, especially because of their toxic effects. The use of drugs containing codeine is not recommended for children under 12 years of age due to suppression of the respiratory system.
For more information about the Department of Pediatrics, Koç University Hospital, click on the link.

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What is Chronic Cough in Children and What Causes?

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Cough that lasts more than four weeks in children is defined as chronic cough and causes a decrease in quality of life. Chronic cough should be considered carefully because it may be an evidence of an underlying chronic lung disease.
The age of onset of cough is important. Coughing that begins in the neonatal period usually indicates an underlying underlying cause and requires an in-depth examination. Genetic diseases such as tracheo-oesophageal fistula, tracheomalacia, or cystic fibrosis and primary ciliary dyskinesia can be manifested by chronic cough from the newborn period. Cough; wheezing or wheezing, especially at night, if the child is difficult to breathe when it is moving, the possibility of asthma should be evaluated. With a continuous cough, runny nose, watery eyes, a feeling of itching in the throat, and nasal discharge, these children may have hay fever or sinusitis.
What causes chronic cough besides respiratory diseases?
It should also be taken into consideration that children may have fled a child’s airway at all times. When a child is evaluated by a doctor due to chronic cough, it can be suspected that a foreign body has escaped the airway according to the findings of the examination and radiological findings. In children, symptoms such as recurrent vomiting with cough, a bad taste in the mouth, burning in the chest may indicate gastroesophageal reflux. It is dry, repetitive, persistent, bursting, and psychogenic cough may come to mind especially in the coughs that are lost during sleep at night or when the child is busy with something he likes. It is useful to evaluate the psychological status of the child after it is understood that there are no other cough diseases. Considering the protective nature of the airway, cough suppression is harmful in many respiratory diseases.
For more information about the Department of Pediatrics, Koç University Hospital, click on the link.

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