Attention to Child Diseases in the Summer!

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Parents Beware!
Have you taken the necessary measures to ensure that your children have a healthy summer?
Pediatric diseases frequently seen in summer:

Solar strikes,
Burns,
Fluid intake deficiencies,
Infections related to water pollution,
Infections that can pass through the pool and sea,
Traumatic conditions such as falling,
Skin infections including sclerosis and fungi.

Solar impacts affect younger children at a higher rate, so sun burns in children exposed to unprotected outdoors during sunlight may cause sunstroke due to increased heat.
Due to the sensitivity of children’s skin, they are also exposed to UV rays that will cause skin cancer in the long term. In order to avoid such situations, you should prefer to go out in the morning or afternoon sun when the angle of the sun comes inclined.
When taking your children to the sun, you should use a hat and sunscreen and all precautions should be taken to protect from the sun. Sun creams should be applied before sun exposure. It should not be forgotten that children are exposed to sunlight in the water during the summer.

What should you do if your child has a sunburn?
If your child has sun burns, they should be used with cool treatments and creams that help to heal wounds. It should be kept in mind that the burned skin will be open to infections and care should be taken to clean the area. If a burned area is collected, a doctor should be consulted.
Measures to be taken in the summer period to prevent child diseases:

Pool and sea cleaning should be paid attention to in the preferred accommodation places during the summer holiday.
The child should not be allowed to swallow water or stay in wet clothing.
It should be noted that chlorine in the ponds is not well adjusted and may be irritating or allergic to the skin.
Itching, skin discoloration or skin lesions may occur. Your child should take a shower every day and maintain mild moisturizers.
As a result of contact with contaminated water, urinary tract infections and susceptibility to cystitis may increase in children. Vaginitis may be seen in girls presenting with discharge. Care should be taken to change the laundry frequently.
When urinating, burning, pity, urinary incontinence, blood in the urine, abdominal pain, fever, vomiting should definitely seek a doctor.
Your child’s mouth is dry, the tears are reduced, the urine is dark and the lesser are the warning signals about the thirst. In such a case, you should consult with your doctor after you have supplemented with fluids and given antipyretics.

Be careful against insects, bees and tick bites in picnic areas or open spaces, should be dressed in appropriate closed clothing, and the child’s body should be checked by peeling.
The bed should be placed in the mosquito net, the bed should be noted above the floor. Chemical fly repellents should not be applied to the child’s skin excessively.
Children with bee venom allergy should take the necessary precautions and open air.
It should be remembered that the child should be in the presence of watery, buttermilk or fruit juice and to be encouraged for fluid intake.
One of the most frequently affected organs during exposure to polluted water is the eye. Allergic infective conjunctivitis can be observed. Visual blur, pain in the eyes, burning and stinging sensation, redness, inflammatory discharge occurs. The ear can also be affected frequently, causing middle and external ear infections.
Hearing or loss of hearing, feeling of fullness, itching, discharge and fever may occur.
There may be an increase in summer diarrhea after ingestion of the child’s water, the contamination of water sources in summer or the ingestion of spoiled and infected foods kept in the room air. Vomiting and diarrhea may be accompanied by fever.

Happy peaceful and healthy holidays, taking all the precautions for your child and yourself!

This article Prepared by Hacer Efnan Okuyan.
You can contact our Pediatrics Department for more information.

child diseases child health

Fear of School: Alas, my child does not want to go to school!

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In the early period of schooling, especially in the first year of the child’s meeting with the school, fear of school is frequently encountered. In primary school first grade students, fear of school is short term (not exceeding one month), decreasing in quality and in a level which does not cause serious problems. The family must take the child to school in a determined manner and this familiarization period must be carried out in cooperation with the school guidance service and teacher.
Fear of school may require psychiatric support in some cases.
At which stage should parents apply for psychiatric support?
If your child has a fear of a school that lasts more than a month and does not decrease over time, you may need support from experts. These school-feared children may complain of physical ailments such as headache, abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting when school time comes. Therefore, there may be multiple doctor applications. These symptoms may be accompanied by anger outbursts, intolerance, fear of separation, or family behavior.
Most of the time, children do not want to leave their parents who come to school, they like to go out and go home during classes. Complaints of the child sent home usually disappear at home, and complaints appear again the next morning. Sometimes children may refuse to leave the house.

Why do children fear a school?
Moving, change in family dynamics and such stressful events may have triggered school fear. The underlying causes may be something that happens to parents when they are in school, fearing another student, bullying, or fear of failure. Transition periods (starting school for the first time, changing schools, starting with secondary school or high school, etc.) can trigger school fear.
In cases where the fear of school is not resolved and concerns are kept away from school for a long time, serious educational or social problems may arise in the child. Treatment of fear requires the cooperation of health personnel, school staff, guidance teacher and the whole family.
What can the family do to overcome school fear?

1. Seek help from child mental health workers (child psychiatrist, specialist child psychologist, etc.).
The most important step to overcome the fear of school is to understand the cause of fear. The reasons underlying the reluctance of your child to school are tried to be understood by using various techniques and the most appropriate treatment method is provided to the child. It may also be comfortable for your child to know that it is always a safe place to go and talk.
2. Talk to your child.
Your child needs to share his feelings and concerns with you. Don’t show that you don’t take the child’s fear seriously by saying in over time “. Talk about her fears and show that you understand her and you’re willing to help.
3. Talk to school staff.
Teach teachers, guidance counselors, infirmaries and the school head. Together we collaborate in a solution-oriented manner.
4. Get your child to school gradually (eg by increasing school hours each week).

5. Highlight the beautiful aspects of the school.
Emphasize that your child can play with friends at school, make new friends, have fun at recess and learn new things at school.
6. Remove all fun activities at home during school hours.
If your child refuses to go to school, avoid access to all televisions, tablets and toys in the house. When the child is at home, he / she should not have a more enjoyable time at school.
7. Tell your child that he / she can reach you at certain times (during breaks, lunch breaks).

8. Knowing that your child can reach you or another adult during school hours makes him feel safe and secure.
9. Tell your child that his family will be safe when he / she is at school.
Patiently repeat that there will be nothing happening to you when you go to school, hugging your child, saying nice and positive words.
10. Guide your child to hobby and interests.
Entertainment means relaxation. With hobbies, your child may be headed for other things and help them think less of school-related concerns. Hobbies also increase self-confidence.
This article Prepared by Tuba Mutluer.
For more information, please contact our Child and Adolescent Mental Health (Psychiatry) department.

schoolchildren do not want to go to school school phobia school fear school fright fear psychiatric psychology psychological counseling tuba

7 reasons to have a communication problem with your child

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Pay attention to the parents who live in the child communication problem!
We have mentioned the points you should pay attention to when spending time with your child in our previous article.
Do we want to start by making a mistake on parenting?
No.
Most of the time, parents trust their parenting instincts and do not try to get help with problems with their children. Unfortunately, as a parent, we may often not be able to correctly understand how to behave in situations we face, and sometimes make mistakes in communicating with our children.
In the following, we can overcome the most common 7 common mistakes in parenting and provide more effective family communication.
Not trying to solve problems

Thinking that some problems cannot be solved or accepting them easily can cause parents to be disappointed with these problems for years. These can often occur as wake-up nights, sleep-time discussions, tantrums, and behavior disorders in older children.
For some problems you may encounter as parents, you can get help, work on these problems and change them. Your child may not be born with a manual, but it may be helpful to consult a specialist for ongoing and difficult-to-solve problems.
Grow or underestimate problems

Before attempting to solve the problems, the problem should be determined very well and what is the problem and how big the problem is. If it is a big problem, the following questions should be asked:

Does your child suffer from anger at times?

If your child is a teenager, is he testing his limits?

Does he spend a lot of time away from his family or is he trying to be more independent?

To have unrealistic expectations

If you have unrealistic expectations about what your child should do, it can actually lead to various problems.
These are examples of waiting for your 2.5-year-old child to complete toilet training. Remember that your expectations may not match what your child may develop or do. In such cases, what age your child can do, what kind of psychological changes can be consulted a specialist should be consulted and expectations should be adjusted, should not be treated hastily.
Not being consistent
As a parent, approaching your child with inconsistent behavior may cause you to experience many problems with your child. Sometimes it seems very strict not to care what your child is doing, but at other times, it may cause your child not to distinguish what is right and what is expected, and not to understand what is expected of him / her or how to behave.
No rules and no limits

You can think that your child is doing your child good by doing whatever you want. However, most children may experience problems with living without borders.
Having rules, setting limits, consistent routines and offering limited options to your child allow your child to learn what to expect and what to expect throughout the day.
Pass against the counter
Passing against an attack is not only about physically fighting with your child, but observing them in many ways, such as getting angry with them, shouting, repeating yourself over and over again.
Fighting or discussing with your child may give them the message that they have the power to trigger these harsh reactions. Responding with such behaviors instead of trying to terminate the problems means that you reward the wrong behavior that you are trying to terminate without realizing it.
It would be a better option to end these power discussions and learn more effective disciplinary methods rather than counter-attack.

Not changing the methods that don’t work
Failure to identify or change methods that you do not use in parenting can create problems at the first stage in solving problems.
For example, the method you use to adjust your sleep routine does not work, and if your child is tired all day long when you wake up the next day, this is an indication that you need a new method of sending your child to sleep.
If you are having problems with family communication on these 7 issues and similar issues, it is useful to consult a child and adolescent psychiatrist.
For more information please contact our Child and Adolescent Mental Health (Psychiatry) department.

mother child relationship child child mother relationship child psychiatry child psychology communication problem psychology

My child has a tiki, what should I do?

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What is Tik? Why?
Tics are involuntary movements occurring in certain muscle groups, occurring suddenly, repetitive, stereotyped and non-rhythmic, as motor movement or noise extraction. Teak usually begins in boys and at an early age and occurs for spiritual reasons. Ticks are usually not seen before 3-4 years of age. The most common is 6-7 years of age and the first adolescence (11-13 years) period. Tics are not considered to be just learned behaviors as they were before.
Tics are caused by neurobiological structural defects, but they can worsen and heal as a result of environmental stimuli. In other words, environmental impacts by the behavioral techniques or the effects of the individual on the environment can be modified. Since each individual’s interaction with his environment and environment is different, it is necessary to understand in detail the interaction of the individual with the environment. This understanding will strengthen the hand of both the individual and the doctor in dealing with tics.

How should families treat their children with tics?
– The families of children should be careful about the following issues.
Both medical (drug) and behavioral therapy methods should be followed closely. The support of the family is important for your child to use their medicines regularly and to continue their regular therapy at home regularly.
– Factors that increase and decrease the levels should be determined by family observation and support. These situations should be talked about, the cases considered to increase tics should be reduced as much as possible;
-The parents must learn exactly what the parents are and help the child to learn. The more knowledgeable the child is, the easier it can handle their tics. In this case, it is also useful to exercise the competing response determined with the therapist.
Conflicts and tensions in the home should be reduced as much as possible and the child should feel safe.
-Those attitudes should be avoided, since all the individuals in the family can emphasize this behavior and often feel that they are annoyed by increasing the anxiety due to tike.
– As the teak response increases in the face of stress and tension, there should not be a strong reaction to the issue.
-The child should be made to feel loved and a positive self-perception and self-confidence should be developed.
-Prompting the child constantly by parents and leaving him to do is put him under emotional and physical strain, which may lead to tics or new tics. Be careful about this.
It should be noted that even if the child stops tics for a while, these tics are not under his control. Parents’ approach should be in this direction.
– Threats threaten the child’s self-confidence and impair social cohesion. Children with tics often find it difficult to socialize and make friends. The child can be helped to create a play environment with his friends for socialization and to develop positive social relations with the support of other adults he is associated with.
– Apart from these, multi-faceted approach to tick intervention is required. Family counseling, child psychotherapy, and drug therapy can also be applied along with behavioral therapy.
This article Prepared by Tuba Mutluer.
For more information please contact our Child and Adolescent Mental Health (Psychiatry) department.