Are you in seasonal depression?

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What is seasonal depression?
Seasonal depression is the name given to periods of seizure and recurrent periods of depression. In order for this diagnosis to be made, it is important that depressive periods start and end in certain seasons of the year, and it is important to show that the seasonal periods do not depend on environmental stress factors such as change of work, school period.
In the vast majority of people who show these symptoms, symptoms begin in autumn or winter, and end in spring. Therefore, these periods of depression are defined as dil seasonal depression ”in medical language. Rarely, there may be people who start depressive periods that begin in the summer and end in the fall.
Seasonal depression is frequently seen in autumn and winter months, with a decrease in energy, increased desire to sleep, and increased desire to eat, increase in weight and the desire to eat foods containing carbohydrates. In addition, complaints such as increased irritability and more frequent crying can be observed. On the other hand, in people who have seasonal depression periods in summer, there are signs of drowsiness and loss of appetite.

Who is observed in seasonal depression?
It is more common in people living in high altitude, women and young people. In some cases, a mood disorder called bipolar disorder can be observed as part of eating disorders or alcohol use disorders, and its diagnosis becomes difficult.
Causes seasonal depression?

The causes of seasonal depression have not yet been fully elucidated, but there are some findings that have been studied and have high evidence. From a biological point of view, in the periods of seasonal depression, the brain has been shown to have decreased metabolic activity in the so-called orbitofrontal cortex and the left inferior parietal lobe. In addition, people with seasonal depression have been suggested to have mood disorders regulating the regulation of serotonin.
In these individuals, the varying amount of daylight in seasonal transitions affects the operation and the number of serotonin carriers in the brain. In addition, melatonin, known as the sleep regulating molecule, may cause symptoms such as fatigue and lack of energy, which is higher than expected with the arrival of winter months. As a result, an inappropriate adaptation to the changing biological rhythm with seasonal transition may cause seasonal depression. Environmental factors, especially the changes in daylight time and meteorological changes are considered to be responsible.

How is seasonal depression diagnosed?
Diagnosis must be made by a professional. In autumn or winter, antidepressant treatments, light therapy, deficiency in the use of Vitamin D and cognitive behavioral therapy methods are used in the treatment. In addition, carbohydrate-poor, protein-rich, untreated diet, alcohol, smoking and caffeine to reduce the use of, plenty of fluid, yoga and meditation, regular exercise, attention to sleep-wake hours, as much as possible to receive daylight and short travel to sunny regions with seasonal depression recommended methods for coping.

This article Prepared by Hale Yapıcı Eser.
For further information, please contact our Psychiatry department.

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Stay Away from Depression and Protect Your Heart!

If you have not seen a person with a heart attack before, for someone who has a crisis, the first image revived in your mind is similar to that of a movie scene. A man holding his chest with his hand suddenly slumps over the floor; The diagnosis is heart attack. It is believed that the heart attack is seen in men rather than women. This partially correct information does not mean that women will not have a heart attack. Our body gives us signals about what’s going on. The important thing is to read these messages correctly and timely. Male and female body systems are different. Therefore, the same disease can give different signs in two sexes. Heart attack is one of them. If you have problems such as fatigue, heartburn, indigestion, sudden dizziness and poor quality sleep; they may indicate that you are at risk of heart attack. However, those who live up to the symptoms of these symptoms are connected to different reasons. Stress, busy work and city life are among the reasons. However, these are the signals that need attention. The causes of heart attack in women can be listed as follows:
Fatigue is one of the most frequently reported conditions in today’s conditions. The side effects of insomnia, flu and the medications you use can make you feel tired. But the real reason for your complaint is not to be one of them. According to a study on women who had a heart attack; More than 70 percent of women who had a heart attack stated that they experienced a feeling of fatigue in the pre-crisis period.
YOU SHOULD GET Cereal
If you go to bed at night you can not sleep immediately and this situation, a daily period rather than a long period covers; you must pay attention. A study on women with heart attack; he points out that women should pay attention to the problem of insomnia. According to this research; Almost half of the women who had a heart attack said that they had a period of insomnia that continued for some time before the heart attack.
In the course of your routine activities during the day, if you started to experience difficulties compared to the previous one and the most obvious change that bothers you, if the shortness of breath, never leave this situation. Research conducted; shortness of breath, which cannot be attributed to a known condition, and develops at an unexpected time, may indicate a risk of heart attack for women. If you have a complaint of breathlessness as well as completely independent cough, it may be a signal that you should take seriously.
BEFORE CRISIS
Your diet and stomach ailments you already have; heartburn can cause you to live. If the symptoms of heartburn or indigestion that you have not experienced before have begun to develop, do not overturn this condition. A study on women who have had a heart attack shows that women who experience sudden (sudden) heartburn and indigestion should be careful. According to the survey, almost 40 percent of women who had a heart attack reported experiencing heartburn or indigestion in the pre-crisis period.
LIKE A BLOODY AND KUSMA SIGN
In addition to heartburn, unreasonable nausea and vomiting are among the symptoms of heart attack observed in women. One of the studies that examined the symptoms of the period before the heart attack shows that women live twice as often as gastrointestinal system diseases compared to men. In this case, women who suffer from unexplained heartburn, indigestion, nausea and vomiting should pay twice as much attention.
In today’s conditions, depression, internal narrowing and unnecessary anxiety; frequently encountered situations. Panic attack, which has a significant increase in the incidence, is one of the psychological disorders which are easily confused with heart attack. As I mentioned before, if you do not have a known reason, you should take it seriously.
A study on women who have had a heart attack draws attention to the fact that women who experience unresponsive anxiety and internal contraction should be cautious. According to this survey conducted by the survey method, the majority of women who had a heart attack declared that they experienced anxiety and internal contraction in the pre-crisis period.
OBESTS AND SMOKING UNDER THE RISK
You can increase your risk of having a heart attack. If you have ailments or habits like high blood pressure, obesity, diabetes, cholesterol, smoking addiction and malnutrition, you don’t have to wait for the insidious signals mentioned above. Each of these conditions indicates that you are at risk of heart attack. Early treatment of such diseases, which can have fatal consequences, saves lives. In particular, the symptoms that women should be aware of, if already developed in the presence of a discomfort, they need to pay attention to twice. Keep in mind that the heart is a center that feeds all other systems. If he’s okay, it’s all good.
CAUTION AT THE BODY
Heart attack …