Diabetes and nutrition

You will need to make some changes in your lifestyle to diet with diabetes your scheme. According to the patient’s condition the treatment for diabetes healthy eating, exercise, medication and insulin therapy diabetes and reduce the symptoms that occur due to delay, and thereby aims to raise the level of your life. Because they create our blood, our sugar eating a healthy diet is the most important part of treatment.
In diabetes does not require you to completely remove your favorite foods from your life, but your require to be very careful about the type and amount of eating. To be able to control your blood sugar in a conscious way for vegetables, fruits, and grains, rich in protein, fat, and cholesterol restricted diet plan should be arranged. When you consume foods your body needs by preventing hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia, your blood sugar regularly and carefully get it under control and prevent or delay complications due to diabetes, you can manage to.
Those who have diabetes because of their diet and eating special meals with the family prepares themselves for the time change and the food they eat. But today, without the healthy diet recommended for people with diabetes is no different. Diabetes does not affect a person’s body needs essential nutrients. Diabetes non-processed be very careful in consumption of sugar, saturated fat and high in cholesterol such as meat, eggs, milk and milk products such as foods, consume in moderation, instead of large main meals, it is advisable to eat little but often.
The biggest change in your lifestyle eating habits you need to do is organized in a way that will be transformed into a healthy and balanced diet. Conscious healthy eating begins with the exchange of food. You purchased your home or when dining out if you choose foods for a healthy diet is not suitable of keeping the balance of blood sugar control becomes difficult. Prepare your food list weekly or daily, it would be quite helpful to you while shopping. The healthy foods you need and how much you need, containing all the food types in the food pyramid can make your job quite easier to prepare a list of your list being loyal to you can manage to stay away from foods that are bad for you. Browse to the packaging of the foods you’ll receive in exchange. Glucose, sucrose, consult a doctor before taking foods that contain sugar.
The three main type 1 and type 2 diabetes who use insulin, and three meals a total of Dec, it is necessary to consume 6 meals a day. Insulin blood glucose levels rise suddenly, you must wait half an hour after injection. Dec also the formation of the feeling of hunger avoid skipping meals should not be reduced of the type and amount of Food recommended by your doctor, can cause blood sugar levels to fall.
Especially of Type 2 diabetes must be fed at intervals of 2-3 hours. The nutrients that your body needs daily blood sugar after meals all day and eating less but more often of the rise of spread can be prevented. By reducing the portions and consume small meals taken weight and control hunger and prevents the retrieval of more calories, and also regulates blood sugar.
For those who use insulin or oral medication Dec eating meals is different. The ingestion of a food that contains 10-15 grams of carbohydrates but both treatments is recommended. Bread meal substitute bread or food is not the best choice for Dec. 2 breadsticks, 4-5 sugar-free Whole Wheat Biscuits, a cup of fat-free popcorn, half a pastry. In addition to these, low-fat milk, yogurt, cheese, or yogurt by adding protein such as a product you can enhance. Also fresh fruit or vegetables can be consumed, but the use of insulin alone may not be a good choice associated with Dec fruit meal to be consumed, your blood sugar level may create a risk of hypoglycemia depending on the right to lunch, consult your doctor. Meals at home Dec is usually because there are not necessarily prepared for it should be in the bag, in the car, in the pocket of the jacket in the office, in your drawer is always suitable food should be available.
The food pyramid consists of 6 groups of diabetes. Days from your treatment that you need to eat servings which groups within your body structure, vary depending on your exercise level and your blood sugar level, your doctor will recommend you a proper diet plan. The effects of different foods and measure out 1.5 hours after food, your blood sugar are able to observe, and accordingly, changes in diet with your doctor, you can go through.
Grains, legumes and starchy yiyeceklet are the foundation of the pyramid, the widest part, and covers. Breads, cereals, legumes, potatoes, starchy foods such as rice that must be eaten at each meal, it is one of the basic foods. Healthy diet in a day 1 serving of bread a thin slice a medium potato or 2-3 tablespoons of rice to coincide with 6 or more servings a day should be eaten.
The main source of carbohydrates in many various foods on blood sugar. But all of the carbohydrates contained in the food affects your blood sugar in different ways. Carbohydrates are divided into simple and complex carbohydrates. When upgrading from simple carbohydrates your blood sugar quickly, complex carbohydrates more slowly and may rise later. Table sugar, honey, syrup, jam, ice cream, cake, etc sweets, chocolate, biscuits and candy containing foods such as simple carbohydrates, the blood sugar increase at a time. In addition, dental caries, obesity, heart and many diseases such as diseases of the digestive system they may cause.
By consuming complex carbohydrates, your body can meet its energy needs, and later you can increase blood sugar levels more slowly. Vegetables, fruit, pasta, bulgur, dry beans contain a wide variety of food such as complex carbohydrates. These foods slow the rate sugar is converted to glucose in our body so because you don’t give your blood sugar suddenly.
Fruits and vegetables constitute the second phase of the pyramid. Fiber, rich in vitamins and minerals that each fruit and vegetable has different implications. According to the person varies, but 3-4 servings of fruit per day and 3-5 servings of vegetables should be eaten.
In the third step, the milk and milk products, meat, fish, chicken,eggs, and animal products such as creates.Diabetes diet meat and dairy should be consumed per day 2-3 servings a day from each of the groups. The energy in daily diet of between 10 and 20% must be provided from protein, these foods are also rich in protein. But besides that, these foods cholesterol and saturated fat is installed it must not be forgotten that more in terms of calories, low-fat or fat-free ones should be preferred.
The little chapter at the top of the pyramid, oil, sugar, sugary foods and alcoholic beverages are included. Diet they take very little space. Within the group sugar, sugary foods and the recommended serving size for alcoholic beverages there is because the foods in this group do not contribute to a healthy diet. However, for oils group Foods in 1 teaspoon of oil, 5-6 nuts, 1 scoop equals a serving biscuits or 2 pieces of sugar from sugary foods. If you intend to consume alcoholic foods, you should consult with your doctor about the effects of blood sugar.

Sources:
http://diyabet.gov.tr/index.php?lang=tr&page=48
http://www.turkdiab.org/page.aspx?s=80

What are the symptoms of diabetes in children and what is the difference between adult diabetes?

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Symptoms of diabetes in children, the main problem in Type 1 diabetes is deficiency in the secretion of insulin hormone, whereas in Type 2 diabetes in adults, there is a disorder in the cell elements called ler receptor ana in which insulin hormone is bound to act. This disorder is called ”insulin resistance Bu. Although the mechanisms are different, the glucose taken with nutrients cannot enter the cell enough and accumulate in the blood.
What is the main difference between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes? What are the symptoms of diabetes?
The main difference between Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes is the rate at which clinical findings occur. In children with type 1 diabetes, symptoms such as drinking too much water, too much urination, weight loss, and fatigue occur suddenly in 2-3 weeks, while adult Type 2 diabetes symptoms occur over the years and often these symptoms may be overlooked for a long time.
What is the problem, how are the signals? How should families approach their children?
The most common findings in children with diabetes as well as adults are frequent and frequent urination, drinking a lot of water and increasing appetite, although not always seen. Families first say that children start to drink more water than usual, that they have a water bottle all the time, they do not get enough water, they are fed only with water. Too much urine becomes noticeable in the day when children go to the toilet frequently. Therefore, other findings should be investigated in children starting to ask for permission to go to the toilet during the course. Besides, it is noteworthy that children who do not wake up to urinate at night before awaken 1-2 times to urinate and sometimes wet under the night. In small children, mothers often begin to change diapers. Children lose weight despite increasing appetite. Girls may have fungal infection in the genital area, or infants may have persistent rashes.
Some children go to the doctor with non-specific findings such as fatigue, mild fever, abdominal pain, and families may not be able to say specific findings of diabetes. Children may have complaints of school performance, fatigue, and more frequent absenteeism than before. For this reason, it should be examined by the teachers that children start to make absenteeism.
Is early diagnosis important in children with diabetes?
Early diagnosis is very important. The symptoms of nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, eyes collapse, deep and fast breathing (respiratory distress), and the smell of acetone in the mouth begin as a result of the exacerbation of insulin deficiency. There is a close relationship between the early discovery of diabetes findings or the risk of diabetes diagnosis in health care facilities and the application of a dangerous picture, such as a diabetes coma.
How is diabetes treated?
It is necessary to give insulin hormone from the moment of diagnosis in type of diabetes (type 1 diabetes) seen in children. In adults, sugar-lowering pills and diet may work in the initial period. In both types of diabetes, it is important to adhere to the principles of healthy eating and exercise regularly.
What can be done to facilitate the lives of children with diabetes?
The first step to make life easier for children with type 1 diabetes is to create an environment that will enable them to make peace with diabetes. Therefore, it is important not to discriminate against children in the home, school and other areas of daily life and to support them in their çocuklar new normal elik lives. In addition, the most important way to facilitate the lives of children with Type 1 diabetes is to benefit from new technologies related to blood sugar monitoring and insulin delivery, thereby alleviating their burden. You can make an appointment with our doctors by clicking on the link for more detailed information.
Click on the link to get detailed information about the Department of Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes Department of Koç University Hospital.

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