Stem Cell Therapy in Orthopedic Diseases

Stem Cell Therapy in Orthopedic Diseases
Cartilage damage that may occur in the joints due to different reasons, especially in the knee and hip joint over time, pain, and eventually causes arthrosis, which is defined as arthritis. Moreover, the cartilage can not regenerate itself when the cartilage cell dies from a very special structure groove. Therefore, it is necessary to stop the damage in the joints and prevent their progress.
Stem cell therapy is a method used to reduce the progression of cartilage damage in patients with early-onset cartilage damage, with painful insertion, but early on for surgery or who do not wish to be operated. In addition, stem cell therapy is used in meniscal rupture which serves as a support and prevents the friction of the joint faces within the knee joint.
Stem Cell Application Process How?
Stem cells prepared from bone marrow or adipose tissue are injected into the knee by an injection, where the knee is damaged and the cell is expected to heal. In case of damage to the knee cartilage, it is provided that the stem cells interact with the collagen or hyaluronic acid based carriers in order to act only in the damaged area without spreading into the knee. Because the stem cell is the individual’s own cells, the tissue is intended to heal and regenerate itself.

What is Stem Cell?
Stem cells are the main cells that have the potential to turn into all cells in the body. Embryonic stem cells and adult stem cells are divided into two. Adult stem cells have the ability to regenerate adult tissues and take part in the repair of the body.
How to Obtain Stem Cells
Stem cells are derived from adipose tissue and bone marrow. Cells are taken under mild sedation and local anesthesia to prevent pain. Stem cells in the pelvic bone or core are filtered and separated in sterile conditions. After approximately 20 to 30 minutes of stem cell preparation, the resulting pure stem cells are ready to be administered to the patient.
What are the Factors Affecting the Success of Stem Cell Therapy?
The main factor increasing the success of the treatment is the selection of the right patient and obtaining the stem cells with the appropriate technique. However, life style changes such as weight loss and regular exercise increase the long-term effect of stem cell therapy.
Stem Cell Therapy in Orthopedic Diseases

Obese and overweight patients with a body mass index of more than 30
Calcification has reached the advanced level and the cartilage is completely finished,
Those who have weakened the immune system for different reasons,
People with rheumatic diseases.

Which Orthopedic Disease Stem Cell Therapy Applicable?

Knee, hip, shoulder, hand and ankle joint calcification,
Avascular necrosis of the hip, shoulder, knee, ankle,
Meniscus tears,
In non-union fractures,
Muscles and tendon ruptures