What is autism? What are the symptoms of autism?

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What is Autism? Dr. Koç University Hospital, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, pointed out that autism is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by social interaction, problems in verbal and nonverbal communication, repetitive behavior and limited interest. Tuba Mutluer said that the symptoms usually started within the first three years. Dr. Mutluer, which is defined as a fan disorder, draws attention to the fact that autism contains many clinical manifestations with different severity and symptoms.
What are the Symptoms of Autism?
The symptoms of autism mainly consist of issues that lead to functional disruption in two areas:
Social communication and interaction deterioration:

No eye contact, short-term establishment,
When I’m called by his name,
Improper use of gestures and gestures,
In your own case, in your own world,
Indifference to peers, failure to develop appropriate peer relations,
To be more concerned with objects and details than people’s faces,
Emotional unresponsiveness,
Difficulty playing games like imitations or pretensions
Not to share their feelings and interests spontaneously.

Limited and repetitive behavior patterns and interests:

Stereotypes (swinging, flapping your arms),
Extreme interest in rotating objects,
Non-objective playing with toys,
Repeater, unique, uniform speech,
Insistence in solicitation,
Restricted and unusual interests,
Hypersensitivity or insensitivity to some senses (such as sniffing, hearing, touching),

Click on the link to get detailed information about the Koç University Hospital Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Department.

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What are the symptoms of diabetes in children and what is the difference between adult diabetes?

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Symptoms of diabetes in children, the main problem in Type 1 diabetes is deficiency in the secretion of insulin hormone, whereas in Type 2 diabetes in adults, there is a disorder in the cell elements called ler receptor ana in which insulin hormone is bound to act. This disorder is called ”insulin resistance Bu. Although the mechanisms are different, the glucose taken with nutrients cannot enter the cell enough and accumulate in the blood.
What is the main difference between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes? What are the symptoms of diabetes?
The main difference between Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes is the rate at which clinical findings occur. In children with type 1 diabetes, symptoms such as drinking too much water, too much urination, weight loss, and fatigue occur suddenly in 2-3 weeks, while adult Type 2 diabetes symptoms occur over the years and often these symptoms may be overlooked for a long time.
What is the problem, how are the signals? How should families approach their children?
The most common findings in children with diabetes as well as adults are frequent and frequent urination, drinking a lot of water and increasing appetite, although not always seen. Families first say that children start to drink more water than usual, that they have a water bottle all the time, they do not get enough water, they are fed only with water. Too much urine becomes noticeable in the day when children go to the toilet frequently. Therefore, other findings should be investigated in children starting to ask for permission to go to the toilet during the course. Besides, it is noteworthy that children who do not wake up to urinate at night before awaken 1-2 times to urinate and sometimes wet under the night. In small children, mothers often begin to change diapers. Children lose weight despite increasing appetite. Girls may have fungal infection in the genital area, or infants may have persistent rashes.
Some children go to the doctor with non-specific findings such as fatigue, mild fever, abdominal pain, and families may not be able to say specific findings of diabetes. Children may have complaints of school performance, fatigue, and more frequent absenteeism than before. For this reason, it should be examined by the teachers that children start to make absenteeism.
Is early diagnosis important in children with diabetes?
Early diagnosis is very important. The symptoms of nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, eyes collapse, deep and fast breathing (respiratory distress), and the smell of acetone in the mouth begin as a result of the exacerbation of insulin deficiency. There is a close relationship between the early discovery of diabetes findings or the risk of diabetes diagnosis in health care facilities and the application of a dangerous picture, such as a diabetes coma.
How is diabetes treated?
It is necessary to give insulin hormone from the moment of diagnosis in type of diabetes (type 1 diabetes) seen in children. In adults, sugar-lowering pills and diet may work in the initial period. In both types of diabetes, it is important to adhere to the principles of healthy eating and exercise regularly.
What can be done to facilitate the lives of children with diabetes?
The first step to make life easier for children with type 1 diabetes is to create an environment that will enable them to make peace with diabetes. Therefore, it is important not to discriminate against children in the home, school and other areas of daily life and to support them in their çocuklar new normal elik lives. In addition, the most important way to facilitate the lives of children with Type 1 diabetes is to benefit from new technologies related to blood sugar monitoring and insulin delivery, thereby alleviating their burden. You can make an appointment with our doctors by clicking on the link for more detailed information.
Click on the link to get detailed information about the Department of Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes Department of Koç University Hospital.

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Why Parkinson’s Disease? What are the Symptoms?

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What is Parkinson’s disease?
Parkinson’s disease is a progressive disease that starts with tremors, especially with slow motion (bradykinesia) and muscle stiffness. In the advanced stages of the disease, the balance disorder can be added to the table.
Where does Parkinson’s disease often start?
The disease often starts with a tremor in one hand. When the patient is at full rest, the movements are counted as money counts, or movements such as a rosary. The patient may become noticeable when walking, and may decrease when holding an object.

What’s the cause of Parkinson’s?
Parkinson’s disease is caused by the loss of dopamine-producing brain cells. When the loss of dopamine-producing cells increases to 70%, symptoms are seen. Dopamine is a chemical substance that plays a role in the control and coordination of movements.
What factors affect the likelihood of developing Parkinson’s?
The rate of occurrence in individuals over 65 years is around 1%. The higher the age, the higher the incidence. The age of onset is usually 60 years, and there are cases that start earlier. The cause of Parkinson’s disease is unknown. According to the results of many studies, genetic and environmental factors play a role. Individuals with Parkinson’s disease in their families have a higher risk of developing Parkinson’s disease than other individuals in the community.

How is Parkinson’s diagnosed?
The diagnosis of Parkinson’s disease is made clinically. Brain MRI and blood tests are done to exclude other causes of Parkinsonism and when necessary. The most important way to make a diagnosis is the detailed examination performed by an expert in this field.

How is Parkinson’s watching?
In the majority of patients with Parkinson’s, complaints of tremor may be the initial finding, as well as the initial finding. In some patients, slowness may be the predominant finding. Parkinson’s disease is a progressive disease. There are different types of Parkinson’s disease and each has a different course. In some patients, the course is rather slow.
What is the differential diagnosis of Parkinson’s disease?
The most important symptom of Parkinson’s symptoms, which is observed as slowness in patients, called zi bradykinesia zi in the neurology language, is the symptom that must be definitely for diagnosis. On the face, it is called azalma bradimimi yavaş, it is seen as a slowness in the movement of facial muscles, a dimness in the face and a decrease in blink. Slowness can also occur in the arms and legs. The symptoms seen in patients with Parkinson’s are more pronounced than the other side of the body. The symptom known as rigidity or muscle stiffness is determined during the examination.
Some drugs used in the treatment of psychiatric patients, in the treatment of heart disease and nausea-vomiting used in the treatment of some drugs can produce a similar picture of Parkinson’s disease. When these drugs are discontinued, the symptoms disappear. The symptoms may increase when Parkinson’s patients use these drugs.

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