Find out more about tuberculosis treatment

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How is the diagnosis of tuberculosis?
We have listed what you need to know about the treatment of tuberculosis.
The diagnosis of the disease is made by showing the tuberculosis germ in the sputum or in the organ that the disease holds. Since drug-resistant tuberculosis is an important problem and makes treatment difficult, it is also important to look at the drug susceptibility of tuberculosis microbe. Thus, the drugs that do not affect the microbe can be replaced by the effective ones or the treatment time can be changed accordingly.

What is the treatment of tuberculosis?
Tuberculosis treatment consists of maintenance therapy, which is traditionally administered in the first 2 months of intensified drug therapy and with fewer drugs to be continued for at least 4 months. It is necessary to take up to 10 times a day during the intensive medication period. It is important not to discontinue treatment, to take medication regularly, to avoid any resistance to the drug and to have full recovery. Tuberculosis treatment in Turkey is given free of charge by Tuberculosis Dispensaries. Again, these medications are drunk under supervision of patients. During the course of treatment, the sputum is checked again and the treatment is regulated according to whether or not the microbe is lost.
How is the benefit in treatment?
During the treatment of tuberculosis, the patient can be understood by the reduction in the cough, the weight gain, improvement in the chest X-ray and the inability to detect the microbe in sputum. Although the disease is healed after tuberculosis treatment, the lung film may not completely return to normal and the traces of the disease can be carried over life.

Tuberculosis is an infectious disease!
Since tuberculosis is an infectious disease, it is very important to screen the patient’s family and their immediate surroundings for the presence of active disease, and to initiate early treatment for the patients with the disease. At the same time, if there are young children, adolescents and people with low immunity who are at risk of getting sick in the immediate vicinity of the patient, they should be given protective medication from tuberculosis. There are also some tests showing contact with tuberculosis microbe. A skin test called PPD and blood contact with IGRA tests can be shown. Tuberculosis-protecting medication is only given to people who are in contact with this microbe and have a high risk of illness. This medicine is continued for at least 6 months to be taken once a day.

Protect your babies with the tuberculosis vaccine!
Another method of protection from tuberculosis is the vaccination of infants. Vaccination is a compulsory vaccination in our country conditions and it is performed at the left shoulder head in the second month of infants. If the vaccine is shelled and the shell falls off, it leaves a scar on the spot. The vaccine does not protect us from pulmonary tuberculosis. Although pulmonary tuberculosis is one of the most infectious types of tuberculosis, there are more types of tuberculosis that are more lethal. Vaccination is very valuable because it protects us against a very lethal brain tuberculosis, tuberculosis meningitis (inflammation of the brain membrane) and the widespread tuberculosis throughout the body.
Tuberculosis is a controllable and preventable disease.
Tuberculosis is an important public health problem in Turkey and early diagnosis, treatment and contact screening can be used to control the spread of the disease.
Click on the link to get detailed information about the Department of Chest Diseases at Koç University Hospital.

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Postpartum Crack Treatment

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What causes crack after pregnancy?
Pregnancy is a special period in which there are many physical changes with an intense hormonal activity. In this process, skin changes and various rashes are frequently encountered. Striae, also known as striae, is one of the paintings we see as common in pregnancy and cosmetically disturbing. More than 50 percent of pregnant women are seen. It usually occurs on the belly, on the hips, on the legs and on the breast.
The exact cause of cracks is not known, but it is thought to be related to genetic factors, hormones and mechanical stress. Strias are initially in the form of bands ranging from pink to purple. In this area, there is a decrease in the attenuation of the connective tissue, elastin and collagen fibers. They become increasingly faint and less visible. They continue after birth and often do not fully regress.

Consult your doctor when your cracks look pink-purple!
When the cracks reach white, ivory color, it is more difficult to reach the result. Therefore, it is recommended to intervene at the stage where pink-purple appearance is present. There are many moisturizing and nourishing cream with a high concentration of herbal ingredients. However, there is no definitive data on their effectiveness. Although successful results are reported with creams containing vitamin A derivative or retinoic acid locally, it is not appropriate to use such creams during breastfeeding. Various creams containing ascorbic acid (vitamin C), hyliulonic acid and glycolic acid (fruit acids) can also be useful in the early period.
The most effective treatment of cracks after pregnancy: Laser

The most effective method for the removal of cracks after pregnancy is laser treatments. Successful results are obtained in newly formed pink-purple lesions with pulse dye lasers (dye laser). Fractional lasers are used in both new and old strias. With laser energy, small microscopic damages are created in the upper and lower layers of the skin, and regeneration by secreted growth factors is achieved during healing.
Again in the microneaching method, the skin can be damaged by small needles, and the appearance of regeneration and striae can be reduced. It is aimed to increase the synthesis of collagen and elastin by giving simultaneous radiofrequency energy with needling in needle radiofrequency devices used in recent years.
Applications are performed in sessions. PRP, hydrolytic acid and mesotherapy can be used to increase efficacy. Since early initiation of treatment increases the chances of success, it will be an appropriate approach to start right postpartum in the strias developing during pregnancy without delay.
This article Prepared by Banu Taşkın.
You can contact our dermatology department for more information.

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Where is the treatment of cartilage problems?

Injection treatments, dak Transplant Cartilage Transplant dak Enj
Where is the treatment of cartilage problems?

In addition to increasing the elderly population, many reasons such as sedentary lifestyle and incorrect sporting activities can cause cartilage damage. When it is not treated in the early period, it has a significant impact on the quality of life with the destruction of joints. In the edi Cartilage Symposium lar hosted by Yeditepe University Specialization Hospital, many orthopedists from different regions talked about the current and future treatment methods of cartilage problems.

It is known that there are important developments in the treatment of cartilage problems. The surgical method still remains important in young population under 40 years of age and especially in traumatic injuries. On the other hand, especially for patients between the ages of 50-60 and who are not eligible for surgery, biological therapies also come into question.

In the symposium hosted by Yeditepe University Specialization Hospital, all the aspects of cartilage problems were discussed. Associate Professor of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Yeditepe University Specialization Hospital. Dr. Gökhan Meriç said, lar In the twenty-year follow-up of Nak Cartilage Transplantation from the Donor-, which has been conducted abroad for many years and achieved very successful results, 70-80% success has been achieved. This method is used in the treatment of cartilage in our country continues to initiatives, dak he said.
Future in the Treatment of Cartilage Problems, “Cartilage Transplantation“?
Cartilage transplantation is considered a salvage treatment method when the desired result cannot be obtained from other treatments.
Or Cartilage Transplantation from a Donor den is defined as the method of cartilage closest to the patient’s original cartilage when compared with closed / open surgery. In our country for some time self-made and “cartilage transplantation” is defined as a process to avoid mixing with some points should be noted.

In case of self-made cartilage transplant, tissue samples are taken from the patient. New tissues created in the laboratory are transported back to the patient. As for organ transplantation, cartilage obtained after organ donation is used in “Donor-made Cartilage Transplantation“.

In the case of major injuries, which cannot be performed especially in surgical treatment, the only treatment method to be applied is da Cartilage Transplantation from the Donor tedavi. Dr. Gökhan Meriç continued his words as follows: ilm This method, which is performed by taking the cartilage of the donor and transferring it to another patient, has been successfully used abroad for almost 30 years. Surgical procedure in cartilage transplantation from donor is applied in one time. It can also be applied for damages greater than four inches. In cases where other cartilage therapies fail, it is considered as a salvage method. The success rate of patients under 40 years of age is high. It can also be used if there are suitable donors in people over the age of 50. Patients with professional athletes, especially after the önceki Cartilage Transplant from the Donor li have been done, they have returned to the sport at the previous performance level. Moreover, the problem does not recur. Üst

Early Diagnosis Can Reduce Wear Rate
The self-healing capacity of the cartilage tissue is very limited compared to other tissues in our body. Therefore, a damage that starts in cartilage can cause serious wear and even use of a prosthesis or surgery in the future. Conditions such as pain and movement limitation due to damage cause a significant decrease in quality of life. Assoc. Dr. Gökhan Meriç said, tan The early diagnosis of the injury is of utmost importance. With surgical or non-surgical treatments, it is possible to slow down or prevent cartilage damage. Cerrahi

Varicose Vein Treatment with Sclerotherapy

Varicose Vein Treatment with Sclerotherapy
In the treatment of capillary varices, the patient is able to return to his daily life by the method of sclerotherapy. The process can be completed in as little as one hour.
The spider web is also known as varicose veins, but does not cause serious problems. In case of progression, it is beneficial to be treated as it may cause pain. The main factors that determine the way of treatment of varicose veins is the size. Sclerotherapy method is applied to varices with a diameter between 1-4 mm. The opportunity to complete the process in a very short time and return to daily life on the same day constitutes the biggest advantage.
In this method, the liquid or foam-shaped drug is injected into the vein and the vein is closed. Because the blood flow is directed to a different side, the veins that are not used in time are eliminated by the body. Destruction of varicose veins does not give any harm to the person.
The physician decides which treatment approach is applied to the patient in the treatment of varicose veins according to the condition of the varicose veins. Therefore, in addition to physical examination, Doppler ultrasonography should be performed to determine the condition of the vessels.
Foam Sclerotherapy
Foam sclerotherapy, which is widely used in recent years, is preferred because it is possible to reach larger areas by using less drugs. In this technique, because the drug is mixed with air, more dense and more substances can be obtained. Thus, a larger area can be treated within the vessel. Less drug use is advantageous, but it is important that the method is practiced by experienced physicians. Although the procedure is completed in a short time, the number of varicose veins is determined by the patient. People with extensive thin vessels may need to repeat this procedure several times.
After sclerotherapy, the patient can walk home. He can start his business the same day. And there’s no need to rest. It may be necessary to use a compression stocking according to the physician’s control. Final results are taken within a few weeks.
Provided by Sclerotherapy

It does not require any preliminary preparation outside the physical examination before the procedure.
It can be completed in as little as an hour.
It is possible to make the process during a lunch break.
The patient does not feel pain.
On the same day, he can return to daily life.