What are the methods used to treat large bowel cancer?

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What are the methods used to treat large bowel cancer?
Surgical, chemotherapy and radiotherapy are the main methods used in the treatment of colon cancer. The treatment process varies according to the stage and spread of the tumor.
Surgical:
In cases where cancer does not spread to distant organs, the main method is surgery. In this method, the tumor is removed and the surrounding solid tissue is removed. In some cases, the stool is taken out by placing the bag with the method called colostomy. This may be temporary or permanent in some patients. Methods such as laparoscopic surgery and robotic surgery, which cause less pain and quick recovery, are also applied in our country.
Chemotherapy:
It is a medicated treatment to kill cancer cells. It is a frequently used therapy in some stages of colon cancer and in cases where it has spread to another part of the body.
Radiation Therapy:
More known as radiotherapy. It is aimed to destroy the cancer cells in the treated area with rays. Radiotherapy can be given with chemotherapy to reduce tumor preoperatively or to prevent postoperative recurrences.

What are the ways to prevent colon cancer?
In addition to all these screening methods, there are some risk reduction methods for prevention of colon cancer. Of them;

Physical exercise,
Getting rid of excess weight,
Smoking and drinking alcohol,
High-fiber, low-fat foods to consume foods firstly to keep in mind.

Koç University Hospital, Department of General Surgery, manages the processes in the diagnosis and treatment of colon and rectal cancers with the most accurate and up-to-date methods and presents them to the patients.
Click on the link to get detailed information about the Department of General Surgery at Koç University Hospital.

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