What is epilepsy? What you need to know about epilepsy

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What is epilepsy?
Everyone has an electrical activity in his brain. In the region that leads to epileptic seizures in the brain, this electrical activity increases abnormally, and this increase causes a seizure.
Our brain is composed of indentations. All these indentations have a function of overhangs. In the speech center, the patient cannot speak, and bright lights, shapes and objects can be seen in the visual field, and nothing is completely visible. It is called ”seizure bet and eli epilepsy bul if the seizures are recurring, which are sudden, temporary and short-term and often have the same clinical findings.

Is there any treatment for epilepsy?
Drug treatment is started before epilepsy. If the seizures do not stop as a result of testing of at least two drugs in the treatment of the drug, the patient will receive different treatment recommendations, especially surgical treatment. These may include a special diet (ketogenic diet), batteries attached to the neck and brain, and other alternatives.
What is the process of epilepsy treatment?
In the treatment of epilepsy for children 2-3 years and for adults 3-4 years if the drug is provided with inaction, very slowly start to stop drugs. It is not possible to understand that epilepsy is over without undermining or decreasing the medication. Electroencephalography (EEG) showing brain waves helps us in this time.

What are the symptoms of epilepsy?
What we do with all brain functions for symptoms of epilepsy, we look at the loss of that function, or sometimes we see that the function has increased. If there is a seizure caused by the region that manages the arm-leg area and allows us to make voluntary movements, rhythmic pulses and contractions begin on the fingers of the patient’s right or left arm / leg. Sometimes these contractions may spread to the leg or face on the same side. It can find hours, hours, hours.
Some seizures may start with a leading symptom. Most often, a feeling comes from the stomach, butterflies fly in the stomach, they say. The person who feels this leading symptom understands that the seizure will begin and sits in a safe place. It tries to avoid the dangers. In some seizures, there are no leading symptoms. In particular, a group of focal epilepsy and all generalized epilepsy without any indication may start the seizure. Generalized tonic-clonic seizures, seizures, convulsive seizures in the whole body, or seizures, can be a seizure of the seizures. Flashing lights, sudden unexpected touch and call, lead to seizure.

Are children’s epilepsy symptoms the same as adults?
Neonatal seizures may be difficult to recognize with low clinical findings. Some types of seizures are seen only in childhood; infantile spasm The majority of other seizures show similar clinical findings.
What are the types of epilepsy?
Epilepsy is roughly divided into two; generalized and focal.
Generalized epilepsies begin suddenly without leading symptoms. In the case of tonic seizures, the patient suddenly falls down like a tree falling to the ground. During the atonic seizure, the patient suddenly falls down like an empty sack. During the diving seizure, the patient cannot continue his / her speech, look empty, chewing and correcting his head in the arms. In the body, there is a sudden splash of the arm or both arms once. In the large generalized seizure, arms and legs are observed to be contractile and jump movements. In these seizures, the tongue becomes biting and / or urinary incontinence.

Some of the focal seizures are pioneering and some do not. In focal seizures, the patients may stop at the seizure of diving, stop the speech and chew as if there is something in their mouth. Sometimes there are motions like cycling or floating.
If you’re wondering what we should do when we see a person with epileptic seizures, check out our article.
This article Dr. Prepared by Candan Gürses.
You can contact our Neurology department for more information.

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