What is uterine fibroids and what complaints?

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Myomas are benign masses originating from the muscle layer in the uterine wall. Over time they are not thought to turn into cancer. On the other hand, it can be difficult to distinguish whether some masses from the uterus or myoma or cancer cells.
Myomas are quite common. It is seen in 20-43% of the women of reproductive age, and this frequency increases with age. On the other hand, most women continue their lives without complaints related to fibroids.
It is not known why uterine fibroids occur.
It is known that myomas are related to hormones such as estrogen and progesterone, they can show genetic or familial tendencies, they can be affected by nutrition or environmental factors. It is also among the risk factors to start menstruation at an early age, to have a family history and to have no birth.
What complaints do myomas cause?

Most of the myomas do not cause any complaints. Their complaints include:

Severe and / or long-term menstrual bleeding,
Pain and / or pressure sensation in the lower abdomen
No urination or difficulty in having children
Long or severe menstruation, anemia

It can also have a negative impact on one’s daily life. The frequency and severity of the complaints are generally related to the location, number and size of the fibroids. The uterine fibroids may be limited to the uterine wall, or they may be embossed in or out of the uterus.
Myomas do not prevent children in general. However, the removal of the fibroids extending to the intra-uterine cavity or pressing here may increase fertility. On the other hand, there is no known negative effect on the growth of uterine fibroids outside of the uterus or conception of pregnancy.
Most pregnancies can progress smoothly in the presence of myomas. In addition, growth is common in this period due to hormonal stimuli. Occasionally there may be pain due to myomas. Rarely, the size and location of myomas may be difficult depending on the location.
Take a look at our article to learn more about the treatment of uterine fibroids.

This article Prepared by Engin Türkgeldi.
For detailed information, please contact our Obstetrics and Gynecology Department.

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